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term Memory
Definition The persistence of discovering over time throguh the storage and also retrieval that information.

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Term Encoding
Definition The processing of details into the memory device - for example, by extract meaning.
Term Storage
Definition The retention the encoded details over time.
Term Sensory Memory
Definition The immediate, very brief record of sensory info in the memory system.
Term short-term Memory
Definition Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such together the seven digits the a phone call number when dialing, prior to the details is save or forgotten.
Term long-term Memory
Definition The relatively permanent and also limitless storehose that the memory system. Includes knowledge, skills, and experiences.
Term functioning Memory
Definition a newer understanding of temporary memory that entails conscious, energetic processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and also of information retrieved from permanent memory.
Term automatically processing
Definition unconcious encoding of incidental information, such together space, time, and also frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings.
Term Effortful processing
Definition Encoding that calls for attention and also conscious effort.
Term Rehearsal
Definition the conscious repetition the information, either to maintain it in awareness or come endcode it for storage.
Term Spacing Effect
Definition The tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is accomplished through massed study or practice.
Term Serial place Effect
Definition Our propensity to recall finest the last and an initial items ~ above a list.
Term Imagery
Definition Mental pictures; a powerful aid come effortful processing, especially when linked with semantic encoding.
Term Mnemonics
Definition Memory aids, especially those methods that usage vivid imagery and organizational devices.
Term Chunking
Definition Organizing items right into familiar, controllable units; often occurs automatically.
Term top Memory
Definition A momentary sensory storage of intuitive stimuli; a photographic or picture-image memory lasting no much more than a few tenths of a second.
Term Echoic Memory
Definition A short-lived sensory storage of listening stimuli; if attention is elsewhere, sounds and words can still be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds.
Term Flashbulb Memory
Definition A clear storage of an emotionally significant moment or event.
Term Amnesia
Definition The loss of memory.
Term implicitly Memory
Definition Retention live independence of concious recollection (also referred to as nondeclarative).
Term clearly Memory
Definition Memory of facts and also experiences that one deserve to conciously know and "declare." (Also referred to as declarative memory)
Term Hippocampus
Definition a neural center that is located in the limbic system and also helps procedure explicit memories for storage.
Term Cerebellum
Definition "Little brain"; plays a crucial role in forming and storing the implicit memories produced by classical conditioning.
Term Recall
Definition A measure up of storage in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill-in-the-blank test.
Term Recognition
Definition A measure of storage in i beg your pardon the human need only identify items previousl learned, together on a multiple-choice test.
Term Relearning
Definition a storage measure the assesses the amount of time saved when discovering material because that a 2nd time.
Term Priming
Definition The activation, regularly unconciously, of specific associations in memory.
Term Deja Vu
Definition That eerie sensation that "I"ve competent this before." Cues native the current situation may subconsciously cause retrieval the an previously experience.
Term Mood-congruent Memory
Definition The tendancy to recall experiences the are continual with one"s current great or poor mood.
Term Proactive Interference
Definition The disruptive effect of prior discovering on the remind of new information.
Term Retroactive Interference
Definition The disruptive impact of new learning on the recall that old information.
Term Repression
Definition In psychoanalytic theory, the simple defense device that banishes from awareness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and also memories.
Term Misinformation Effect
Definition Incorporating misleading information into one"s memory of an event.

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Term source Amnesia
Definition Attributing to the wrong source an occasion we have actually experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. (Also called source misinformation) source amnesia, in addition to the misinformation effect, is at the heart of countless false memories.