To identify the male and also female frameworks of the flower, identify their duty in reproduction, and differentiate in between perfect and imperfect flowers.

You are watching: Difference between perfect and imperfect flowers


Perfect flower (lilies room a good option)ScalpelsMicroscopesMicroscope slideCover slips GlycerolLarge keep in mind cardsPacking tapeCorn plant that is just starting to tassel Sweet corn might be the ideal option. It will certainly take roughly 50 job to grow to tassel. Flourish in institution greenhouse if possible.Pictures may be used to modify activity 2 if utilizing a actual corn plant is not feasible.

Suggested Companion resources (books and websites)

Student Science blend Text publication “The Diversity of living Things”STC college student Text book “Organisms indigenous Macro come Micro”

Vocabulary (with definitions)

Perfect Flower: that has actually male and female frameworks in one flower Imperfect Flower: flower the does not have both male and also female structures Stamen: male framework of flower Anther: component of stamen that has pollen Filament: component of stamen that supports anther Pistil: female part of flower Stigma: peak of pistil, wherein the pollen enters Style: center section of pistil, wherein the pollen travels through Ovary: base of the pistil that contains eggs Ovule: wherein pollen meets the egg cell within the ovary Pollen: fine, powdery problem discharged indigenous the anther that includes the male gamete the fertilizes the ovule Pollination: the process by which pollen is transferred to the woman reproductive offal of a plant, thereby permitting fertilization come take place Tassel: male frameworks of the corn tree (anther, filament) Silk: component of the female frameworks of the corn plant (ear), including stigma and style

Background – agricultural Connections (what would a teacher need to recognize to be able to teach this content)

Perfect vs. Imperfect flower Perfect flowers contain both the masculine reproductive structures (stamen) and also female reproductive structures (pistil). The stamen contains the anther, which holds pollen, and also the filament, which supports the anther.The pistil includes the stigma, i m sorry pollen pole to; the style, which the pollen travel through; and also the ovary, wherein the pollen meets the egg cell and fertilization occurs.Lilies are an instance of a perfect flower.Soybeans likewise have a perfect flower, but these flowers are very small and might not be the finest to dissect. When talking around reasons behind detasseling corn, bring up soybeans and also talk about how your small, perfect flowers would certainly make hybrid seeds production different in this species.Imperfect flowers contain one of two people the male part OR the female section of the flower, yet not both. Corn is an instance of a plant with imperfect flowers. Corn contains two flowers: the tassel and also the ear.The tassel (male flower) consists of the anthers and also is responsible for producing pollen.The silks on the ear (female flower) contain the stigma and also style. Every kernel is its very own ovule.Complete vs. Incomplete flowers complete flowers contain four flower parts: petals, sepals, stamen, and also pistil.Incomplete flower are lacking one or more of these 4 parts. The is possible for a perfect flower to be incomplete, but it is not feasible for an imperfect flower to it is in complete.Detasseling choose it sounds, detasseling is the action of removed the tassel native a corn plant.Corn is detasseled only as soon as the ar will be offered for seed corn. Corn planted for various other purposes (feed, ethanol, or handling to it is in made right into syrups, fibers, or other things) will pollinate itself, and also those farmers will certainly not detassel your crops.Seed corn is detasseled to avoid the plant from pollinating its own ears. As soon as this happens, growers deserve to plant “male rows” and also “female rows” that together will make a hybrid seed. The “male rows” and “female rows” will be corn plants of different varieties, or that exhibit slightly various traits. Combining them will develop a hybrid. Generally, there are around 3-4 mrs rows because that every one masculine row. Woman rows space detasseled, and also male rows space left to pollinate them. Corn is pollinated by wind.

Interest strategy or Motivator

Ask students what castle think flowers are for. What constitutes a flower? space they simply pretty?


Day one:

Give every student team of 2 or 3 a perfect flower, a sheet of record (to dissect the flower on), and also a copy of the flower Student research Sheet. This research sheet has places because that notes, and reference images. This is to aid in studying later. Permit the students know that it will not be graded, but will it is in a helpful source and a great place for notes. Prior to you hand out scalpels, explain the procedure of the lesson to students. Let them understand that first, they will be drawing their flower and also labeling frameworks in their scientific research notebooks. Then, castle will eliminate the stamen and pistil, labeling those structures, and taping them come notecards. Call students to ask inquiries if castle are because once piece are cut off the flower, they can not be put earlier on. Tell students come take the end their notebooks and also draw and label their flower. Answer concerns if any type of arise. At this time, talk about other structures they could see on the flower. What do the petals look like? deserve to you check out the stem? room there sepals ~ above this flower? explain to the course that a flower through sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils is referred to as complete. If the flower is missing one that those pieces, the is called incomplete. Ask student if a flower can be perfect and also incomplete. The prize is yes, it deserve to be.Tell college student to eliminate the stamen from the flower and place it on the notecard. Then brand the notecard “stamen” and label the anther and also filament. assist students make microscopic lense slide mounts that the pollen. Have actually the teams place a small drop of glycerol on a clean slide, climate take among the staying stamens and tap the anther versus the slide, location a cover slip on the slide, and also view it v a microscope. Call students to make observations, draw illustrations and take notes in their science notebook. Then, have actually the teams remove the pistil from the basic of the flower.Tell them to usage the lance to reduced the ovary crossways, and also pinch the ovary until one or more of the ovules comes out. Call students to observe, sketch, and also take note in your notebook. Have actually students location the pistil ~ above a 2nd notecard and also label the stigma, style, ovary, and also ovule. aid students place a piece of packing tape end the flower frameworks securing them come the notecard.Tell college student to compose the name of all team members ~ above the back of the notecard, and turn in the notecards in ~ the finish of class.

Day two:

Have students observe a corn plant. Questioning them questions like: whereby is the flower ~ above this plant?How have the right to you phone call these parts are the flower?What is the objective of the corn flower, or any type of other flower? have students manipulate the tassel the the plant and also collect pollen to look at under the microscope. Help students produce slides like in the previous course period, make observations, and record findings.Take the ear off of the corn plant and husk it. Discuss the function of the silk in ~ the finish of the ear. Happen the ear of corn approximately the room for students come observe and take note of prefer they walk of the ovule last course period. Define the course that pollen need to make for the pollination and also fertilization come occur. Asking the college student why it would be necessary for corn to get fertilized.Talk about factors the could affect the success for failure of pollination. Some factors could be development of the tassels, development of the silks, distance between the two, amount of wind, nutrition the the plant, plant pests, etc. Tell students to look in their scientific research notebooks. Look in ~ the similarities and differences in between the flower yesterday and also today’s corn plant. Have actually them compare and contrast the two together as a class. Talk around which plant together perfect and imperfect flowers. Which has complete and incomplete. Why is that?Lead the discussion into detasseling, and also why that is practiced. Introduce the idea the cross-breeding and selective breeding. Ask student why world might desire to usage these methods.Help students uncover that no all corn is planted for consumption; some must be planted for seed the following years. Therefore, not all corn areas are detasselled; just the ones planted for seed. These fields will have “male” rows between every 3 or 4 female rows come pollinate them. This will certainly be what creates the hybrid seeds.Wrap up with a brief discussion, and have students end up filling out their research sheets.

Essential papers (maps, charts, pictures, or documents)

Did friend Know? (Ag Facts)

Iowa grows much more corn than any type of other state – most ar corn, no sweet corn.Iowa likewise leads the nation in soybean production, egg production, and pork production.Corn is supplied in a multitude the products, from pack peanuts to pop to carpet and also plastics!

Extension activities (how student can lug this beyond the classroom)

Have student collect five different types of flowers and determine if they room perfect or imperfect flowers.Have college student conduct research on usual Iowa farming crops and also how they room pollinated.

See more: How Many Unpaired Electrons Does Fe3+ Have, In The Ground


Organisms indigenous Macro to Micro by STC

Author(s) (your name)

Scott Krosch

Organization Affiliation (your organization)

Sioux City neighborhood Schools

National agriculture Literacy Outcomes

Science, Technology, engineering & Mathematics: T4.6-8.b: describe how biological processes influence and also are leveraged in agricultural production and also processing (e.g., photosynthesis, fermentation, cell division, heredity/genetics, nitrogen fixation)

Iowa Core standards

Science: MS-LS1-4 usage argument based upon empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for exactly how characteristic animal behaviors and dedicated plant structures affect the probability of effective reproduction the animals and plants respectively. MS-LS1-5 build a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic components influence the expansion of organisms.


This work-related is licensed under a creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international License.