2. a) (3 points) Write an example of a spirocyclic hydrocarbon containing six carbons.

You are watching: Draw all resonance structures for the nitromethane molecule, ch3no2.


*


*


*
C10 H12 O


3. b) (5 points) Put an asterisk ( * ) next to each sp2 carbon atom.

3. c) (5 points) Put a circle ( ° ) next to each sp3 carbon atom.


*

4. a) (5 points) Write the best Lewis structure for nitromethane, CH3NO2 , a racing fuel. Show all bonds and all lone pairs.


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equally stable

b) (2 points) Write another good resonance form for nitromethane and compare its relative stability to the structure above.

c) (2 points) Describe the hybridization and structure at C .


d) (2 points) Describe the hybridization and structure at N .

sp2 - trigonal planar

e) (4 points) Draw the full structure, in particular showing the three-dimensional arrangement at C and at N .


5. (15 points) Complete each of the reactions below, using a balanced equation and only a simple acid-base reaction. You must decide which compound is more likely to act as the acid or base in each case. Write the pKa values under each acid and predict the preferred direction of the acid-base equilibrium.

a)

*


6. (10 points) For each of the structures below, the structure on the left is complete and the structure on the right is intended to be exactly the same structure but missing various components. Complete the structures on the right by adding the missing components in the proper locations.

a)

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b)

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7. (10 points) For each of the structures below, the structure on the left is not the most stable form of the molecule. On the right, complete the most stable structure of the same molecule.

a)

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b)

*

8. a) (9 points) Write good Newman diagrams for the three staggered conformations of 2-methylbutane, looking down the C2-C3 bond (C2 in front).


b) (6 points) Write an approximate potential energy diagram that indicates the relative stabilities of the three forms and the relative energy barriers for rotation between them.


( See your text and study guide, problems 3.17b, 3.18, 3.20, for details of this exact compound )

A and C are equal in energy, B is higher in energy (less stable).

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The barriers for rotating from A to B and from B to C are equal. The barrier for A to C is lower.