Andrew has a keen interest in all facets of poetry and writes extensively on the subject. His poems are published online and in print.

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Poem review and Discussion

"Mother come Son" is a brief poem and also an extended an allegory in i beg your pardon a mother advises her son to constantly keep climbing and not come "set under on the steps" despite her additionally saying "Life because that me ain't to be no decision stair."


The metaphor for life climate is a staircase, stairs or a set of procedures that need to be ascended as with the rungs ~ above a ladder. The mother's perspective is based upon long experience—there have been no crystal stairs for her.

This photo could additionally be one allusion come the holy bible story of Jacob, that dreamed that a stairway (or ladder) going up to Heaven. This story deserve to be found in the publication of Genesis 28:12–15.

The idea of decision stairs stems indigenous the people of fairy tales. Snapshot the best princess sweeping under from a tower in glittery slippers, tripping lightly on every see-through decision glass action as she prepares to satisfy her perfect prince.


Langston Hughes decided to use dialect language because that what is basically the mother's monologue. Part think this stereotypes the mother as the timeless poor, black, aspiring parent wanting the finest for she son, slightly desperate and also down in ~ heel, in a pinafore and also headscarf, cleaning together she advises.

Others think the dialect kind to it is in a powerful and natural choice. If the words space from the love of a local negative woman, why not usage them for the entirety poem? The message is clear and also genuine, and the advice heartfelt and positive.


"Mother come Son" was first published in the newspaper Crisis in December that 1922. This magazine to be the voice that the nationwide Association because that the advancement of Colored people (NCAA), and also the young Hughes was a regular contributor.

Hughes led one adventurous life, writing novels, brief stories and plays and essays and poetry, the latter influenced by the rhythms in jazz and also blues music. That didn't flinch from composing on topical worries of the day either (the Ku Klux Klan and lynchings, for example).

He saw Spain as a correspondent to suffer firsthand the world-changing Spanish Civil war (1936–39) and also wrote "Letter from Spain" as well as other pieces, offering a distinctive angle on the battle by writing as a fictional black soldier, miscellaneous that had never to be done before.


"Mother come Son" provides subtle understanding into the wishes of an ordinary mum because that the future of she boy. Never provide up, she says, and also do not prevent climbing and also achieving. Follow my example.

"Mother come Son"

Well, son, I'll phone call you:Life because that me ain't to be no crystal stair.It's had tacks in it,And splinters,And boards torn up,And areas with no carpet on the floor --Bare.But all the timeI'se been a-climbin' on,And reachin' landin's,And turnin' corners,And sometimes goin' in the darkWhere there ain't been no light.So boy, don't you rotate back.Don't you collection down top top the steps'Cause you find it's kinder hard.Don't you autumn now --For I'se tho goin', honey,I'se still climbin',And life because that me ain't to be no crystal stair.

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Line-by-Line Commentary and also Analysis

"Mother come Son" is a single-stanza poem of 20 lines. Many are brief (one is just a solitary word), and also they constitute a monologue, choose a series of lines native a play spoken by the exact same character.