Hepatitis A is inflammation (irritation and also swelling) the the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus. You deserve to take several actions to prevent catching or dispersing the virus.

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To minimize your hazard of dispersing or catching the hepatitis A virus:

Always wash your hands extensively after utilizing the restroom and when you come in call with one infected person"s blood, stools, or other bodily fluid.Avoid unclean food and water.

The virus may spread quickly through day treatment centers and other places where civilization are in close contact. To avoid outbreaks, to wash hands fine before and also after each diaper change, prior to serving food, and after utilizing the restroom.

Avoid unclean food and water

You have to take the complying with precautions:

Avoid life shellfish.Beware that sliced fruit that may have been to wash in contaminated water. Travelers have to peel all fresh fruits and vegetables themselves.DO not buy food indigenous street vendors.Use just carbonated bottled water for to brush teeth and drinking in areas where the water might be unsafe. (Remember that ice cubes can lug infection.)If no water is available, boiling water is the best technique for remove hepatitis A. Pass the water to a full boil for at least 1 minute normally makes it for sure to drink.Heated food should be hot to the touch and eaten right away.

If friend were freshly exposed to hepatitis A and have not had hepatitis A before, or have actually not obtained the hepatitis A vaccine series, ask her health care provider around receiving a hepatitis A immune globulin shot.

Common reasons why you might need to receive this shoot include:

You live through someone who has actually hepatitis A.You recently had actually sexual call with who who has actually hepatitis A.You recently common illegal drugs, one of two people injected or non-injected, v someone who has hepatitis A.You have had actually close an individual contact end a period of time v someone who has hepatitis A.You have consumed in a restaurant wherein food or food handlers were infected or contaminated with hepatitis A.

You will likely acquire the hepatitis A vaccine at the very same time you obtain the immune globulin shot.


Vaccines are easily accessible to protect against hepatitis A infection. Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended because that all children older than period 1.

The vaccine begins to safeguard 4 weeks after ~ you receive the an initial dose. A 6- to 12-month booster is required for long-term protection.

People who are at greater risk for hepatitis A and should get the vaccine include:

People who usage recreational, injectable drugsHealth care and laboratory employees who might come in contact with the virusPeople who have actually chronic liver diseasePeople who get clotting variable concentrate to treat hemophilia or various other clotting disordersMilitary personnelMen who have sex with various other menCaretakers in day treatment centers, long-term nursing homes, and also other facilities Dialysis patients and workers in dialysis centers

People who work-related or travel in locations where hepatitis A is usual should be vaccinated. These areas include:

AfricaAsia (except Japan)The MediterraneanEastern EuropeThe center EastCentral and also South AmericaMexicoParts that the Caribbean

If you space traveling come these areas in fewer 보다 4 weeks after ~ your an initial shot, you may not be completely protected by the vaccine. Girlfriend can likewise get a precautionary dose that immunoglobulin (IG).


Kroger AT, Pickering LK, Mawle A, Hinman AR, Orenstein WA. Immunization. In: Bennett JE, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett"s Principles and also Practice of transmittable Diseases. Ninth ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 316.

Kim DK, Hunter P. Advisory Committee on Immunization techniques Recommended Immunization schedule for adult aged 19 year or enlarge - united States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;68(5):115-118. PMID: 30730868 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30730868.

Pawlotsky JM. Acute viral hepatitis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2020:chap 139.

Robinson CL, Bernstein H, Romero JR, Szilagyi P. Advisory Committee on Immunization practices Recommended Immunization schedule for children and teenagers aged 18 year or younger - joined States, 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019;68(5):112-114. PMID: 30730870 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30730870.

Sjogren MH, Bassett JT. Hepatitis A. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran"s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 78.

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Updated by: Michael M. Phillips, MD, Clinical Professor that Medicine, The George Washington University college of Medicine, Washington, DC. Additionally reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.


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