The key difference in between carbon tetrachloride and also sodium chloride is that carbon tetrachloride is a covalent chemical link whereas salt chloride is an ionic chemistry compound.

Both carbon tetrachloride and sodium chloride room chlorine-containing chemical compounds. However, these 2 chemical compounds different from each other according come the chemical structure, properties and applications.

You are watching: How are carbon tetrachloride and sodium chloride different

CONTENTS

1. Synopsis and vital Difference2. What is Carbon Tetrachloride 3. What is Sodium Chloride4. Side by side Comparison – Carbon Tetrachloride vs sodium Chloride in Tabular Form5. Summary

What is Carbon Tetrachloride?

Carbon tetrachloride is a chemical compound having the chemistry formula CCl4. That is generally called “tetrachloromethane”. Carbon tetrachloride is a colourless liquid having a sweet smell. Therefore, that is basic to finding this link from the smell even at low levels.


Figure 01: framework of Carbon Tetrachloride


The molar mass of carbon tetrachloride is 153.81 g/mol. It has actually a melting point of −22.92 °C, and the boiling suggest is 76.72 °C. As soon as considering the geometry of the carbon tetrachloride molecule, it has the tetrahedral geometry. There are four chlorine atom bonded to a single carbon atom, and also the bond angle of the molecules room equal. Therefore, we contact it a “symmetrical geometry”. This geometry makes the link nonpolar. It resembles the structure of a methane molecule, i beg your pardon has 4 hydrogen atoms bonded come a single carbon atom.

There are many uses the carbon tetrachloride. Prior to the prohibition, this link was supplied to create CFC in huge scale. Nowadays, we do not produce CFC due to the fact that it hurts the ozone layer. Carbon tetrachloride is the key ingredient in lava lamps. Once it to be a famous solvent, but now us don’t usage it as result of its adverse health effects. Moreover, us widely use it in fire extinguishers, together a precursor come refrigerants and as a cleaning agent.

What is salt Chloride?

Sodium chloride is an not natural compound having the chemistry formula NaCl. The molar fixed of this compound is 58.44 g/mol. In ~ room temperature and also pressure, salt chloride shows up in solid-state, together colourless crystals. Moreover, this problem is odourless. In that is pure form, salt chloride cannot absorb water vapour, which means, it is no hygroscopic.


Figure 02: Crystals of sodium Chloride


Sodium chloride is a salt of sodium, so the is an ionic compound. This compound includes one chorine atom every each salt atom the the molecule. Salt chloride salt is responsible because that the salinity the seawater. The melting suggest is 801◦C when the boiling allude is 1413◦C. In sodium chloride crystals, each sodium cation is surrounding with 6 chloride ions and vice versa. Therefore, we speak to the crystal mechanism as a face-centred cubic system.

Sodium chloride disappear in high polar link such together water. Here, water molecules surround each cation and anion. Every ion frequently has six water molecules roughly them. However, the pH of an aqueous sodium chloride lies about pH7 because of the weak basicity of chloride ion. Us say over there is no result of sodium chloride top top the pH the a solution.


What is the Difference in between Carbon Tetrachloride and Sodium Chloride?

Both carbon tetrachloride and also sodium chloride space chlorine-containing chemical compounds. The crucial difference between carbon tetrachloride and sodium chloride is the carbon tetrachloride is a covalent chemical compound whereas salt chloride is an ionic chemistry compound. Moreover, carbon tetrachloride dissolves in nonpolar solvents while sodium chloride dissolves in polar solvents.

Below infograhic summarizes the differences in between carbon tetrachloride and also sodium chloride in tabular form.

Summary – Carbon Tetrachloride vs salt Chloride

Carbon tetrachloride and also sodium chloride are various from each other according come the chemistry structure, properties and also their applications. The an essential difference between carbon tetrachloride and sodium chloride is the carbon tetrachloride is a covalent chemical compound whereas salt chloride is one ionic chemistry compound.

See more: Completing Dahl: Memories With Food At Gipsy House Book By Felicity Dahl

Reference:

1. Haskins, J. (2018, September 29). What Is sodium Chloride and also How Is that Used? recall October 14, 2020, easily accessible here.

Image Courtesy:

1. “Carbon Tetrachloride” By H Padleckas, vectorized by MaxDZ8 – H Padleckas, vectorized by MaxDZ8, windy Domain) via Commons Wikimedia

2. “Sodium chloride crystals” By Stanislav.nevyhosteny – Own work (CC BY-SA 4.0) via Commons Wikimedia


*
Difference between Carbon and also Graphite
*
Difference between Calcium Hypochlorite and also Sodium Hypochlorite
*
Difference between Biogas and also Natural Gas
*
Difference between Chlorine and Sodium Hypochlorite
*
Difference between Metal and also Nonmetal Oxides

Filed Under: inorganic Chemistry

*
*
*

Difference in between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms

*

Difference in between Coronavirus and SARS

*

Difference between Coronavirus and also Influenza

*

Difference between Coronavirus and Covid 19


You may Like
*

Difference between Highway and also Motorway

Difference in between Sony Xperia Ion and Motorola Atrix 2

Difference between Outsourcing and also Contracting

*

Difference in between Surface Tension and also Capillary Action

Difference between Android and also Brew