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Nitrogen is current in practically all proteins and plays crucial roles in both biotasiilaq.netical applications and also industrial applications. Nitrogen forms solid bonds because of its ability to type a triple bond through its self, and other elements. Thus, there is a lot of power in the compound of nitrogen. Before 100 year ago, little was known about nitrogen. Now, nitrogen is commonly used to maintain food, and as a fertilizer.

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Introduction

Nitrogen is uncovered to have either 3 or 5 valence electrons and also lies at the top of team 15 on the regular table. It have the right to have either 3 or 5 valence electrons because it have the right to bond in the external 2p and 2s orbitals. Molecule nitrogen (\(N_2\)) is no reactive at typical temperature and pressure and also is a colorless and also odorless gas.

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Nitrides

Nitrides space compounds of nitrogen through a less electronegative atom; in various other words it"s a compound through atoms that have a less full valence shell. These compounds kind with lithium and also Group 2 metals. Nitrides usually has an oxidation state the -3.

\<3Mg + N_2 \rightarrow Mg_3N_2 \label1\>

When combined with water, nitrogen will kind ammonia and, this nitride ion acts as a very solid base.

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When nitrogen forms with various other compounds that primarily develops covalent bonds. This are typically done with other metals and look like: MN, M3N, and also M4N. This compounds are frequently hard, inert, and also have high melt points since nitrogen"s capacity to kind triple covalent bonds.


Ammonium Ions

Nitrogen goes through fixation by reaction v hydrogen gas end a catalyst. This procedure is used to produce ammonia. As mentioned earlier, this process allows us to usage nitrogen together a fertilizer due to the fact that it breaks down the strong triple bond organized by N2. The famed Haber-Bosch process for synthesis of ammonia looks choose this:

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Ammonia is a base and also is additionally used in common acid-base reactions.

\<2NH_3(aq) + H_2SO_4 \rightarrow (NH_4)_2SO_4(aq) \label4\>

Nitride ions space very strong bases, especially in aqueous solutions.


Oxides that Nitrogen

Nitrides use a selection of various oxidation number from +1 come +5 to because that oxide compounds. Almost all the oxides that kind are gasses, and also exist at 25 levels Celsius. Oxides of nitrogen room acidic and also easily affix protons.

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The oxides pat a large role in life organisms. They have the right to be useful, yet dangerous.

Dinitrogen monoxide (N2O) is a anesthetic supplied at the dentist as a laughing gas.Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is harmful. It binding to hemoglobin molecule not allowing the molecule to relax oxygen throughout the body. That is exit from cars and also is very harmful.Nitrate (NO3-) is a polyatomic ion.The much more unstable nitrogen oxides permit for room travel.

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Applications the Nitrogen

Nitrogen offers a blanketing because that our setting for the production of tasiilaq.neticals and also electronic compartments.Nitrogen is used as fertilizer in agriculture to encourage growth. Pressurized gas for oil. Refrigerant (such as freezing food fast)Explosives.Metals treatment/protectant via exposure come nitrogen rather of oxygen

References

Petrucci, Ralph H, wilhelm Harwood, and F. Herring. Basic tasiilaq.netistry: principles and modern Applications. 8th Ed. New Jersey: Pearson education and learning Inc, 2001.Sadava, David et al. LIFE: The science of Biology. Eighth Edition. Sinauer Associate.Thomas, Jacob. Nitrogen and also its Applications to modern-day Future. Mountain Diego State university Press: 2007.

Problems

Complete and balance the following equations

N2 + ___H2→ ___NH_

H2N2O2 → ?

2NH3 + CO2 → ?

__Mg + N2 → Mg_N_

N2H5 + H2O → ?

What room the various isotopes of Nitrogen?List the oxiadation claims of miscellaneous nitrogen oxides: N2O, NO, N2O3, N2O4, N2O5List the different elements that Nitrogen will certainly react v to make it simple or acidic....Uses the nitrogen