A sow is a mrs pig that has currently had a litter and a gilt is a female pig that has not had a litter. Therefore, a gilt deserve to be a pregnant animal (up till its very first litter). Pigs are prolific and a sow have the right to have countless litters end the course of she lifetime.
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As a ascendancy of thumb in commercial industries, sows are frequently culled after your seventh litter because statistics display that sow productivity drops at the time to a allude where higher production is attainable by instead of her v a gilt. Absolutely some sows have the right to be productive beyond the saturday litter and some gilts may not be together productive, however in large operations with many sows this culling appropriate proves to make financial sense. When a sow is culled native the herd the young woman that will certainly take her place is often referred to as a replacement gilt.
Sow longevity is a term supplied in industry to refer to the time the a sow safety on a farm. Parity is a term supplied to explain the variety of litters the a sow has had. For instance a 1st parity sow has had one litter, a 2nd parity sow two litters and so on. Ranches with numerous sows pay close attention to sow longevity due to the fact that it is expensive to raise replacement gilts and it makes economic sense to keep sows top top the farm yard as long as lock are financially productive. Sow well-being and health space paramount come sow longevity.
Breeding farm monitoring starts with gilts. Healthy animals in good physical conditions will command to bigger litters and much better nursing performance for future piglets. Gilts have the right to be carried to the farm yard at any kind of age after ~ weaning. Some farms will raise their very own replacement gilts for this reason that new animals space not introduced into the currently herd.
Sows and gilts have an average 21 day warm cycle, back this can selection from 17 come 25 days. One average animal in warm today will be in warm again in 3 weeks. This have the right to be offered to help synchronize farrowing days in tiny herds so that pets are farrowing approximately the exact same time, and also can it is in weaned that piglets (and as such bred for their next litter) at the exact same time.
Natural mating between a boar and a woman is a reasonably straightforward process. The animals should be introduced to one an additional in a penned area. The is inadvisable come utilize huge boars to breed tiny sows and gilts.
Artificial Insemination permits managers to take benefit of genetic options with lower risk of condition transmission. AI requires better management skill and also effort than organic matings. Most breedings in today’s sector are conducted with this method.
After breeding you have to monitor the females daily and also note if discharge or abortion occurs. Regularly sows and also gilts will not end up being pregnant and also return to heat again. This is referred to as recycling and occurs on average 21 job after adjustment (range 17-25 days).
It has actually been said that breeding is the only time that you are actually making pigs: the rest of the moment you are saving them.
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