Difference between Mauryan and also Gupta empires

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Introductory history

Mauryan empire: Mauryan dynasty was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, that existed in the subcontinent that India throughout 325 – 185 BCE. The realm was a highly efficient and also organized autocratic state. Chandragupta was helped by job diplomat and economist Chanakya, a high-caste north-Indian in his revolt versus Nanda dynasty. Chanakya used his extensive intelligence network, which together with guerilla army led through Chandragupta toppled the an effective but corruption Nanda dynasty and also Mauryan realm was established with its funding in Pataliputra, contemporary day Patna in Bihar in phibìc India. The Mauryan empire was the an initial Indian realm to it is in politically united, financially robust and militarily powerful. Chandragupta to be an efficient administrator and used elaborate governmental frame-work come effectively ascendancy his realm that stretched from Bengal in eastern to Saurashtra in west and also Afghanistan and Pakistan in phibìc to Andhra in south. The dynasty adopted Buddhism and actively encouraged promotion of the faith through various way mainly art and culture. The Mauryan kings particularly Ashoka built many buddhist monasteries and pillars (Stupas) with edicts encrypted on those v beautiful architectural designs. Chandragupta is additionally said to knife plaudits for opened up partnership with the Hellenistic world. Ashoka was the most illustrious of all the followers of Chandragupta. However after his demise, every the successors showed up to be less efficient to preeminence such a large empire. History has additionally this, that there was transformation of Hindu chauvinists led by Pushyamitra Sunga that abetted fragmentation of the empire.

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Gupta Empire: Gupta realm was founded by Sri Chandragupta in 320 CE and existed through the 4th and fifth century with major portion of India within its geography boundary. It was one of the biggest empire in ancient India. The Gupta rulers were effective rulers and art, culture, literature, painting, science, medicine and astronomy reached brand-new height during the preeminence of Gupta dynasty. The greatest Sanskrit poet and also playwright Kalidasa lived during the ascendancy of Chandragupta, and received remarkable patronage indigenous the king. The history of this period is mainly obtained from the records left by Chinese travelers favor Fa Hien and also others. Gupta rulers successfully defended raids through tribes favor Huns and also Sakas, and gathered a united and militarily strong kingdom. Though the empire was no as huge as the of Mauryan, Gupta dynasty left a permanent footprint top top the art and society of Hindu India. The Gupta rulers were avid pendant of Hinduism, and advocated the faith overtly. Numerous architecturally magnificent Hindu temples were developed during the preeminence of Gupta dynasty. The realm fell because of weak management of successors, rampant bureaucratic corruption and large monetary loss caused by wars v Huns. Harsha Vardhana, the Vardhana leader ousted the descendants of Chandragupta and established Vardhana realm in Magadha.

Differences

The major differences in between the Mauryan and also Gupta empire are enumerated below;

Difference in time: Mauryan realm existed throughout 325 – 1285 BCE vice versa, Gupta dynasty existed in between 320 and also 550 CE.

Difference in extent: Mauryan realm was very huge and the dynasty ruled almost every one of India, consisting of what is now Pakistan and also Afghanistan. Area under the rule of Gupta rulers to be mush much less than the of Mauryan.

Administrative difference: The bureaucratic structure the the Mauryan empire was really mush centralized. During Gupta rule, an ext decentralized bureaucratic structure to be followed. Management of villages was bestowed with regional leaders, and also the rulers never ever intervened through such administration.

Tax System: The Maurya rulers introduced an extremely extensive taxation system, and also imposed heavy taxes on the people. Guptas were much more liberal in imposing taxes on citizens.

Difference in religious faith: return the Mauryan rulers were liberal in religious views, they preferred non-Hindu religions. Chandragupta, the founder the the empire was a follower of Jainism. Many of his successors embraced Buddhism, and Ashoka is historically renowned for his unquestioned faith in Buddhism. Ashoka taken on Buddhism the end of remorse from the grueling endure of the good Kalinga war. Gupta rulers, top top the other hand, were followers of Hinduism and generously patronized the Hindu religion. Throughout the preeminence of the Gupta dynasty, Hinduism experienced social and spiritual renaissance.

Difference in culture: throughout the Mauryan rule, architecture beauty got to its greatest level, with clear influence of Persian style. Vast Buddhist monasteries and also marvelous pillars were erected portraying edicts the Ashoka. The duration of Gupta dynasty is known as the golden age of Indian culture as science, art, literature and also astronomy got to a brand-new height throughout this period. Mathura and also Gandhara were 2 leading artistic style during Gupta dynasty, i beg your pardon were influenced by Buddhist and also Hellenistic style.

Difference in trade and commerce: The Mauryan rulers proactively entered into international trade. Indo-Greek friendship treaty to be signed during the rule of Chandragupta. Gupta rulers meanwhile were an ext interested in interior trade.

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Difference in decline: ~ Ashoka, Mauryan empire was ruled by weak and inefficient leaders. The empire fell as result of internal strife, assassination of one ruler and also revolution. The Gupta dynasty challenged tremendous exterior threat and also involved in bloody military problem with Huns. This drained that resources.

Summary

Mauryan realm existed prior to Christ; Gupta realm existed after death of Christ.Maurya empire was vaster as contrasted to Gupta Empire.Mauryan rulers complied with a centralized administration structure, vice versa, Gupta rulers adhered to a decentralized administrative structure.Tax system during the Mauryan dynasty was stringent; whereas Gupta rulers favored an ext liberal taxes system.Mauryan rulers favored and advocated mainly non-Hindu religions; whereas Gupta rulers adhered to and promoted Hinduism.Great architecture structures and also pillars were built during the Mauryan dynasty; vice versa, science, literature and also astronomy flourished during the Gupta period.External trade and commerce flourished during Mauryan empire unlike Gupta dynasty.Decline of the Mauryan realm was abetted by internal strife and assassination the ruler; Gupta dynasty faced external threat and also military conflict.