Mitosis and also meiosis space both processes whereby cells reproduce, yet there are unique differences in between the two. While new cells space generated throughout mitosis, meiosis is a special type of cell division that to produce sex cells because that reproduction. The two processes were found by different scientists. Meiosis was discovered by German biologist Oscar Hertwig while German doctor Walther Flemming is attributed with the discovery of mitosis.
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The function of the Reproduction
Only sexually reproductive organisms make use of meiosis. The role of the procedure is to create sex cells and to repair hereditary defects in germ line cells (the sex cells).
Both sexual and asexual biology go v the process of mitosis. It wake up in the cells of the body well-known as the somatic cells and also produces cells regarded growth and also repair. Mitosis is important for asexual reproduction, regeneration, and also growth. That does not make sex cell or gametes.
Number that Daughter Cells
In meiosis, four haploid cell containing fifty percent the amount of chromosomes are produced at the end of the process.
Alternatively, two diploid cells, containing two sets that chromosomes, are created as a an outcome of mitosis.
Composition the the Daughter Cells
The daughter cells produced at the end of meiosis are fully different native the initial parent cell and also they incorporate a mix the both the maternal and also paternal genes, top to hereditary diversity throughout sexual reproduction.
The daughter cells produced in mitosis room genetically the same as the original parent cell.
Phases the Reproduction the the Cells
Meiosis has two phases for the reproduction of cell which results in over there being two cell divisions. The first phase contains prophase i - throughout which the most vital events the meiosis occur, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, and also cytokinesis. Throughout the 2nd phase, these procedures repeat again with the cells the were developed at the finish of the an initial phase.
In mitosis, the cell divide just once and also this is via one step which contains steps such together prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis.
Pairing of Homologues
Meiosis entails the pairing of homologues, chromosomes similar to various other chromosomes, whereas mitosis requires no pairing of homologues.
Differences in Anaphase
During the anaphase of meiosis, the sisters chromatids execute not separate. In anaphase I, the chromosomes are double-stranded and in Anaphase II, lock are solitary stranded.
During anaphase in mitosis, the sister chromatids carry out separate in ~ the centromeres and the chromosomes are solitary stranded.
Differences in Telophase
In mitosis, the spindle fibres recede totally during telophase, however this is no the instance with telophase i of meiosis. Likewise the nucleoli reappear in mitosis yet not in meiosis.
Mixing of Chromosomes
In meiosis, the chromosomes cross over causing mixing. Mitosis, ~ above the various other hand, does not involve crossing end of the chromosomes.
last Updated: Feb 26, 2019
Deborah holds a B.Sc. Degree in Chemistry native the college of Birmingham and also a Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism qualification indigenous Cardiff University. She enjoys writing around the latest innovations. Formerly she has functioned as one editor of scientific patent information, an education journalist and also in interactions for put in order healthcare, medicine and an innovation organisations. She additionally loves books and also has operation a book group for numerous years. She enjoyment of fiction extend to writing her own stories for pleasure.
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Fields, Deborah. 2019. Mitosis vs Meiosis. Tasiilaq.net, viewed 19 September 2021, https://www.tasiilaq.net/life-sciences/Mitosis-vs-Meiosis.aspx.