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You are watching: Similarities and differences between the gospels of matthew and mark


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The word gospel means great news, and also is a term provided to define the created accounts of Jesus the Nazareth in the new Testament. The four widely well-known gospels space the canonical gospels that Matthew, Mark, Luke, and also John. Yet the ax can likewise refer come the apocryphal, non-canonical, the Jewish, and also the gnostic gospels. There are numerous accounts that Jesus that space not known or welcomed by orthodox Christians, but the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and also John room going to be my major focus.


Despite the gospel the Matthew being the very first book in the new testament the majority view today, is that mark was in reality the first gospel followed by Matthew and then Luke. It is thought that Matthew and Luke borrowed passages from Mark's gospel and one other resource lost to history. This see is well-known as the two-source hypothesis. The two-source hypothesis came out about the 19th centruy.


Due come Matthew and Luke borrowing passages from mark these 3 gospels are recognized as the synoptic gospels. Synoptic way having the very same view, and if you check out the gospels the Matthew, Mark, and Luke you will understand why lock are taken into consideration the synoptic gospels. John was the only author who in reality knew Jesus and his gospel bring away a different view than the first three. John's gospel adheres to a very different time line and also does not share much content through the various other gospels in general. The gospel of man uses various verbiage, and style of writing and also was actually rejected by the orthodox Christians for a lengthy time. Today, it is extensively accepted and also is the favorite for many conservative Christians.


Below girlfriend will discover a comparison table that helps to far better visualize the differences and also similarities in between the four gospels.


 MarkMatthewLukeJohn

Writer

A 2nd generation Christian, perhaps a follower of Peter

An unknown Jewish Christian, traditionally the Apostle Matthew

A Gentile Christian, traditionally Luke the physician and Paul's travel companion

The "beloved disciple" the Apostle John

Date Written

65-70 CE

75-80 CE

80-85 CE

90-110 CE

Who is Jesus?

Healer, wonder Worker, Teacher, Misunderstood by those closest to Him

Promised Messiah that Jewish people, biggest prophet, teacher of the "new law" calling world to it is in faithful of the Old Testament commitment with God

Merciful, Compassionate, Prayerful teacher through special worry for women, the poor, and also non-Jews (Gentiles)

Noble, an effective divine--fully in regulate of His destiny

The Author's Community

A Gentile Christian neighborhood in Rome undergoing persecution

A Jewish Christian community

Written come "Theophilus"

Jews, Gentiles, and also Samaritans

Hisotrical Situation

The Romans subdue armed Jewish rebellions. Christians enduring persecution in Rome

Written ~ Romans had actually destroyed all of Jerusalem

Written as soon as the persecution of Jews and Christians was intensifying

Jewish leaders banned christians from the synagogues

Where the publications were written

Rome

Most most likely Antioch of Syria

Possibly Rome or Caesarea

Probably composed in Ephesus


This table is a good way to check out the similarities in between the 3 synoptic gospel authors, and see how they differ from every other and also the apostle John. Learning about the authors have the right to greatly assist us understand how and also why they wrote their gospels the method they did.


The Gospel the John:

The gospel of man was the only gospel created by a monitor of Jesus. The other three authors were followers of Jesus's apostles, and likely never met Jesus because that themselves. John's article was a personal account the his following very closely with Jesus. Therefore, John's blog post is for every ethnic groups and also his whole purpose for composing is to lug evidence to prove the Jesus is Christ and truly the child of God. Throughout John's work one will discover that John's focus is on emphasizing the magnificent status of Jesus. This can be seen v Jesus' declaration of "I am" that will be found in John's gospel. From the very an initial verse to the finish of the publication John's blog post of big is clear. In john 1:1 that lays the foundation for the entire gospel, and one will uncover that he proceeds to present how Jesus is the word made flesh; " In the start was the Word, and the native was through God, and also the Word was God". In man 20:31 the article of his entire book is layed the end in black color in white; "But these space written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the child of God, and also that by believing girlfriend may have life in his name".


The Gospel that Matthew:

Matthew was creating to and for the Jews and also focuses his work around the idea that Jesus is the King the the Jews; "Where is the one who has actually been born king that the Jews? We experienced his star in the east and have concerned worship him." (Matthew 2:2). There were two key reasons Matthew composed his book. The gospel of Matthew was created as a message of encouragement and also strength because that Jewish Christians. Regardless of Jesus being killed by Jews, Matthew's an initial message is to combine Jewish Christian's confidence in the expertise that Jesus was the Messiah. To prove that Jesus to be the promised Messiah that the Old Testament, Matthew quotes the Old Testament an ext than any type of other synoptic writer.

The second reason that writes his publication is to present that Jesus was truly the Messiah. He mirrors this by recording Jesus' geneology and also quoting the old testament. "A document of the geneology that Jesus Christ the child of David, the kid of Abraham:" (Matthew 1:1). This verse fulfills the prophecy from 2 Samuel 7:12-14 "When your days space over and you remainder with her fathers, I will raise up her offspring to success you, that will come native your very own body, and I will develop his kingdom. He is the one who will construct a home for mine Name, and I will establish the throne that his kingdom forever. I will certainly be his father, and also he will certainly be my son.".


The Gospel the Mark:

Mark focuses on the idea that Jesus was a servant. This can be seen by his absence of geneology that Jesus transparent his gospel. Mark's work is expected to encourage Christians throughout Rome, despite being persecuted for their faith. That goes on to say the persecution is the price that Christian's have to pay for following Jesus. In the book of Mark, Jesus says specifically that "Then he dubbed the crowd to him along with his disciples and said: 'If anyone would certainly come ~ me, he must deny himself and also take up his cross and also follow me. For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, yet whoever loser his life for me and for the gospel will conserve it.'" (Mark 8:34-35).


The Gospel that Luke:

Luke was recognized to be precise historian, and also as a result he very closely researched everything. Luke ideologies his occupational by do Jesus the boy of man. He shows exactly how Jesus was a genuine person and also how He confirmed a genuine interest in world from every walks that life. Luke security ample time focusing on Jesus' birth and also childhood dedicating the an initial two chapters to this component of Jesus' life. He also focuses ~ above the person traits Jesus possessed.

Many the Luke's other versus portray a Jesus who was able to feel human being emotions and express other human traits. "Jesus, complete of the holy Spirit, reverted from the Jordan and also was led by the spirit in the desert, wherein for forty days he was tempted through the devil. He ate nothing during those days, and at the end of them he was hungry" (Luke 4:1-2). Jesus is illustrated to have actually feelings such together pain and sorrow. "He withdrew about a stone's throw beyond them, knelt down and also prayed, 'Father, if you space willing, take this cup from me; yet no my will, however yours it is in done.' An angel from heaven appeared to him and also strengthened him. And also being in anguish, he prayed an ext earnestly, and also his sweat was like drops of blood falling come the ground." (Luke 22:41-44).


Definitions to Remember:

Covenant: Agreement in between God and His peopleTestament: Bears witness toCanonical: Official 27 books of the new TestamentNon-Canonical: Books understood unnecessary because that the new Testament; different from the ApocryphaApocrypha: Anonymous Jewish or Christian texts containing prophetic or symbolic visions that did no make it into the bibleTheophilus: Lover that God

Despite each gospel being composed during various time periods and in fully different historic situations and locations, lock have similar story lines and also ideas that Jesus' life. Jesus' character and background is depicted different in these works, yet they execute not contradict every other. The various works compliment each various other and administer a harmonious detailed description of Jesus' life.


Questions & Answers

Question: among the four gospel, i m sorry gospel is different?

Answer: If you are referring to which three space the synoptic gospels Matthew, Mark, and Luke space the three that have virtually identical info down come the bespeak of the stories and the words they use. Man is no a part of the synoptic gospels together his gospel different not only in wordage, but also story line, and contains product that you will certainly not uncover anywhere rather within the synoptic gospels.

Question: If the Gospel of john was written approximately 90-110CE exactly how was it written by a direct disciple?

Answer: CE stand for common Era and is identical to AD. Jesus passed away somewhere between 30-36 AD.

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It is believed that the Gospel of man was edited numerous times and his more quickly works might have started about 70 CE/AD, yet it is much more commonly believed that the final copy of man (the one we read in bible's today) to be completed roughly 90-110CE. Since we execute not have a solid start/end date for the gospel the John, many scholars agree the 90-110 is the many accurate as that is when the complete gospel was believed to be finished.