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The 6 species in this household are uncovered in 2 groups. Camels are discovered in Asia and Africa. Llamas, alpacas, and vicugnas are uncovered in South America. The species in this family members are big and many of them have been trained. They are herbivores and also have three-chambered stomachs. Their height lip is split into 2 and also they can relocate each component separately! They have long necks and a little head and long legs with padded feet with two big toes. They live in little teams consisted of of females and also their young and also one adult male. Although tbelow are no living species of camelidae family in The United States and Canada this particular day, the fossil document mirrors that the family began and advanced tright here. Scientists have actually discovered kept continues to be in the La Brea Tar Pits near Los Angeles. The members of the camelidae family that were in The United States and Canada more than likely resembled llamas. Members of this household moved to South America and Asia over land bridges. By the finish of the last glacial age, they had end up being extinct in North America.
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The bactrian camel is uncovered in the Gobi desert in Mongolia and also China. The Gobi desert is a cold desert and the bactrian camel has many adaptations that assist is make it through in a cold desert habitat. It has two humps on its earlier. The hump is not filled through water; it is filled through fat. The camel supplies this stored fat as soon as water and food are scarce. While the bactrian camel does not keep water in its humps, it does have distinct sack in its stomach that deserve to organize over a gallon of water, and also it deserve to go a couple of days without drinking. In the winter, it has a thick, shaggy coat that helps keep it heat. Its bushy eyebrows; long double rows of eyelashes; and nostrils and lips that cshed tightly help keep sand out of its eyes, nose, and mouth. The bactrian camel stands as tall as seven feet from its shoulder to its feet and can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds. The bactrian camel is an herbivore and also eats grass, leaves, thorns, and bark. It prefers salty plants. It has difficult lips that let it eat very tough vegetation. Most bactrian camels are currently trained and tbelow are only a couple of hundred in the wild.
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The dromedarian camel is discovered in the deserts in Africa and also the Center East. It has one hump that stores fat, not water. It stands 6-7 feet from its shoulder to its feet. It has lengthy legs and also pincluded feet with 2 toes. It has actually a long, curved neck and a small head via a lengthy snout via nostrils that can cshed. Its top lip is separation into two sections, and it deserve to pull its lips in tightly to keep out sand also. It is light brvery own in shade and has a shorter coat than the bactrian camel. It eats a broad variety of plants and also deserve to eat hard and also difficult plant parts that various other pets can"t chew or digest. It prefers salty plants.
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The llama, the guanaco, and the alpaca. They are all indigenous to the Andes Mountains in South America and they are all herbivores. The just wild species is the guanaco. The llama and also the alpaca are tamed. The guanaco is discovered in the grasslands of the Andes Mountains. It has a small head, long legs, and also a long neck. It is around 3.5 feet tall from shoulder to feet. It has actually a shaggy, reddish-brvery own coat and is white on its undersides. Like the camels, it has a break-up upper lip. It eats grasses and also shrubs. The guanaco resides in groups of females and also their young and also one adult male. It have the right to run at speeds of up to 35 miles per hour. The guanaco is a protected species in Chile and also Peru. The llama and the alpaca are descfinished from the guanaco. The llama was trained from the guanaco 4,000-5,000 years earlier. Llama were used as fill pets. The llama is 5.5-6 feet tall from head to toe. It has two toes on its pincluded feet and also deserve to easily grip the rocky surencounters in its mountain habitat. The llama has lengthy, shaggy hair. Its hair can vary in color from reddish-brvery own, to white, babsence, brvery own, or a mix of colors. Llama hair is provided to make clothes. The alpaca was additionally domesticated from the guanaco. The alpaca is slightly smaller than the llama. It is around 5 feet tall from its head to its toes. It looks choose the llama. Unprefer the llama, the alpaca is not supplied as a fill pet, yet its soft, shaggy fur is used to make clothes. The vicugna is discovered in the levels and grasslands of the Andes Mountains. It is the smallest member of the camelidae household. It is three feet tall from shoulder to feet. It has actually a slender body; a lengthy neck; thin legs; and lengthy, silky hair. It is a reddish-brown on its uppersides and also white on its undersides. It has actually a mane of hair on its chest. The the vicugna is also well-known as the vicuña.

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World Status Key Least Inquiry

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Near Threatened
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Vulnerable
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Endangered Critically Endangered
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Extinct in the Wild
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Extinct Status and also range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no condition is noted, there is not sufficient data to develop status.

US Status Key

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Threatened in US
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Threatened in NH
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Endangered in US
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Endangered in NH
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Breeds in NH
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Introduced Status taken from US Fish and also Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

North/Central Amerihave the right to Species

None None

Species Around the World

Africa Asia
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Australia/Oceania
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Europe
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North/Central America South America
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NH Species

Dromedary - Camelus dromedarius Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Llama - Lama glama Guanaco - Lama guanicoe Alpaca - Lama pacos Vicuna - Vicugna vicugna

More Information

Key: Profile Photos Video Audio

Camel Did you know that camels were tamed even more than 3,000 years ago?Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Alpaca - Lama pacos Alpacas spit once they are angry.Source: Los Angeles Zoo Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Alpaca - Lama pacos The indigenous range of the alpaca is the main and also southern Andes from Peru to Argentina. Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus All domestic camels are descfinished from the Bactrian camel. Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus All residential camels are descfinished from the Bactrian camel. Source: BBC Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: No

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Wild Bactrian camels live in northwestern China and also Mongolia. Wild Bactrian camels are critically endangered. Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Center School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Bactrian camels have the right to drink 30 gallons of water in just 13 minutes. Yikes! Source: Los Angeles Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Bactrian camels have actually 2 humps. Source: Animal Diversity Internet Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Bactrian camels have pads on their knees that defend their skin as soon as they kneel on the rocky ground. Source: Minnesota Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Camels are referred to as the "ship of the desert". They have been domesticated as beasts of burden longer than any type of various other mammal. Source: Utah"s Hogle Zoo Intfinished Audience: Students Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: Yes Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Bactrian camels deserve to reach salso feet in height and also weigh as much as 1,500 pounds. Source: Lincoln Park Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Wild Bactrian camels are adjusted to manage the too much temperature alters discovered in the wild. Source: Chicago Zoological Society Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus Long eyelashes and also elongated nostrils defend Bactrian camels from blowing dust and sand also. Source: St. Louis Zoo Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Center School Teacher Section: Yes

Bactrian Camel - Camelus ferus The Bactrian camel"s two humps contain fat, not water. Source: Enchanted Learning Intfinished Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Dromedary - Camelus dromedarius The dromedary"s hump stores as much as 80 pounds of fat that a camel deserve to break dvery own into water and also power once food and water is not obtainable. Source: National Geographic Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Dromedary - Camelus dromedarius The Arabian camel eats plants. They have a leathery mouth that allows them eat thorns and also dry vegetation. Yum! Source: The Living Desert Intfinished Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Dromedary- Camelus dromedarius The dromedary eat nearly anypoint that grows in the desert, consisting of salty plants rejected by various other grazers. Source: Oakland Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Center School Teacher Section: Yes Dromedary- Camelus dromedarius The dromedary has one hump. Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Dromedary- Camelus dromedarius The dromedary has actually padded feet that assist it walk on the hot sand! Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Guanaco - Lama guanicoe This South Amerideserve to animal is pertained to camels and, choose camels, they were were tamed.

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Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Center School Teacher Section: No

Guanaco - Lama guanicoe The guanaco is the biggest wild member of the camelid household in South America, and is believed to be the ancestor of the residential llama. Source: Arkive Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Guanaco - Lama guanicoe The guanaco is uncovered from southern Peru dvery own the Andean zamong Chile and Argentina to Tierra del Fuego and Navarino Island. Source: Animal Diversity Net Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Guanaco - Lama guanicoe Guanacos are generally discovered in tiny herds or loosely structured family teams. Source: Animal Planet Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: No

Llama - Lama glama The clinical name for llama is Llama glama!That"s simply fun to say! Source: Brandywine Zoo Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Llama- Lama glama The llama has actually a four-chambered stomach. Source: Honolulu Zoo Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: Yes

Llama- Lama glama The llamas native selection is the Andes hills, yet they are no much longer not uncovered in the wild. Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Vicuña - Vicugna vicugna The vicuña is the smallest member of the camelid household. Source: Arkive Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Center School Teacher Section: No

Vicuña- Vicugna vicugna The vicuña lies in the Andes of southern Peru, western Boliby means of, northwestern Argentina, and north Chile. Source: Animal Diversity Net Intfinished Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Vicuña- Vicugna vicugna The vicuña"s coat is incredibly thick and also traps warm air.Source: Edinburgh Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Center School Teacher Section: Yes