tough,fibrous tissue that creates the outermost covering of bone
compact bonedense hard and very strong bone that forms the protective outer layer the bones. Aka cortical bone
spongy bonelighter and also not as solid as compact bone. Aka cancellous bone
medullary cavitycentral cavity situated in the obelisk of long bones wherein it surrounded by compact bones. Red & YELLOW BONE MARROW are STORED
endosteumtissue the lines the medullary cavity
red bone marrowlocated in ~ the spongy bone,manufactures red blood cells, hemoglobin,white blood cells and thrombocytes
hemopoieticpertaining to the development of blood cells
yellow bone marrowfunctions as fat storage
cartilagesmooth rubbery blue-white connective tissue that acts together a shock absorber in between ones.

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Additionally make up flexible components of the skeleton
articular cartilagecovers the surface ar of the bones whereby they come with each other to kind joints
meniscuscurved fibrous cartilage uncovered in some joints such as the knee
diaphysisshaft that a lengthy bone
epiphyseswider end of the long bones
foramenopening in the bone v which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass
processnormal forecast on the surface of a bone that most frequently serves as an attachment for a muscle/tendon
jointsaka articulations, ar of union in between 2 or more bones
fibrous jointsconsisting that inflexible great of thick connective tissue
fontanellesaka soft spot room normally current in the skull of a newborn
cartilaginous jointsallow just slight activity & covers bones linked entirely by cartilage
pubic symphysisallows some motion to facilitate childbirth
synovial jointcreated where 2 skeleton articulate to permit a selection of motions
ball & socket jointssuch as hips, enable a wide selection of motion in numerous directions
hinge jointsknees & elbows are synovial joints that allow movement in just 1 direction
synovial capsuleoutermost class of solid fibrous tissue that resembles a sleeve as it surrounding the joint
synovial membranelines the capsule & secretes synovial fluid
synvoial fluidflows in ~ the synovial cavity, acts together a lubricant to do smooth motion of the share possible
ligamentsbands that fibrous organization that creates joints by connecting one bone to another bone or by involvement a bone come cartilage
bursafibrous sac the acts as a cushion come ease motion in areas that room subject come friction
axial skeletonprotects the guts of the nervous, respiratory, and also circulatory systems
appendicular skeletonmakes body activity possible
craniumportion the the skull that encloses & protects the brain
suturesjagged fibrous joints that sign up with the cranial bones together
frontal boneanterior portion of the cranium that creates the forehead
parietal bones2 the the biggest bones that the skull. They kind most that the roof & upper sides that the cranium
occipital boneforms the back component of the skull & the basic of the cranium
external auditory meatusthe opening of the outside auditory canal that the outer ear
sphenoid boneirregular, wedge shame bone at the base of the skull
ethmoid bonelight spongy bone located at the roof and also sides that the nose
auditory ossicles3 small bones situated in each middle ear
nasal bonesupper part of the bridge of the nose
zygomatic bonesaka cheekbones
maxillary bonesform many of the top jaw
palatine bonesform the anterior(front) component of the hard palate that the mouth & floor the the nose
lacrimal bonesmake up component of the orbit(socket the the eye) in ~ the within angle
inferior conchaethin scroll-like skeleton that form part that the interior of the nose
vomer boneforms the base of the nasal septum
mandibleaka jawbone, is the just movable bone in the skull
thoracic cavityaka rib cage, bony framework that protects the love & lungs
ribsaka costals affix posteriorly to the thoracic vertebrae
sternumaka breast bone level dagger shaped bone located in the middle of the chest
manubriumbony framework that creates the upper part of the sternum
body that the sternumbony structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum
xiphoid processstructure make of cartilage that creates the lower part of the sternum
pectoral girdlethe shoulders which support the arms & hands
clavicleaka collar bone, is a slim bone the connects the manubrium the the sternum come the scapula
scapulaaka shoulder blade
acromionextension of the scapula that forms the high point of the shoulder
humerusbone of the upper arm
radiussmaller shorter bone in the forearm,runs increase the thumb side that the forearm
ulnalarger,longer bone the the forearm
olecranon processaka funny bone, is a huge projection on the upper end of the ulna
carpalsbones that type the wrist
metacarpals5 skeleton that kind the palm that the hand
phalangesare the 14 skeletal of the fingers * skeletal of the toes together well
spinal columnaka vertebral shaft protects the spinal cord & supports the head and also body
vertebrae26 in the spinal column
laminaposterior part of the vertebrae
intervertebral disksmade the cartilage,separate & cushion the vertebrae from every other
cervical vertebraefirst set of 7 vertebrae and also they form the neck
thoracic vertebraeknown as T1 & T12, space the 2nd set the 12 vertebrae
lumbar vertebraeknown together L1-L5, comprise the third set of 5 vertebrae & together form the inward curve that the lower spine
sacrumslightly bent triangular shame bone near the basic of the spine that develops the lower section of the back
coccyxaka tailbone develops the finish of the spine & is actually made of 4 small vertebrae that room fused together
pelvic girdleprotectsinternal organs and supports the reduced extremities
iliumbroad blade shaped bone that forms the ago & sides of the pubic bone
sacroiliacthe contempt movable articulation in between the sacrum & posterior part of the ilium
ischiumforms the reduced posterior portion of the pubic bone, bear the weight of the body when sitting
pubisforms the anterior portion ofthe pubic bone, located just below the urinary bladder
pubic symphysiscartilaginous joint the unites the left & appropriate pubic bones
acetabulumaka hip sockets, large circular cavity in each side the the pelvis the articulates w/ the head the the femur to form the hip joint
femurslargest skeletal in the body
patellaaka knee cap, bonyanterior section of the knee
poplitealposterior space behind the knee where the ligaments,vessels, and also muscles related to this joint room located
cruciate ligamentsmake possible the motion of the knee
tibiaaka shin bone is the larger anterior weight bearing bone in the lower leg
fibulathe smaller sized of the two bones in the reduced leg
anklesthe joints that connect the lower leg & foot, make the vital movements possible
tarsalthe 7 brief bones of the ankle similar to the skeleton of the wrist,
malleolusrounded bony estimate on the tibia & fibula on the political parties of each ankle joint
talusthe fishing eye bone the articulates w/ the tibia & fibula
calcaneusaka heel bone, llargest the the tarsal bones
metatarsals5 skeletal that type the component of the foot wherein the toes space attached
phalangesbones that the toe, additionally the fingers
chiropractorholds a dr that chiropractic level & specializes in the manipulative therapy of disorders orginating from misalignment that the spine
orthopedic surgeonphysician that specializes in diagnosing & treating diseases & disorders involving bones, joints and muscles
osteopathholds a dr of osteopathy degree & uses classic forms of clinical treatment in enhancement to specializing in treating health problems by spinal manipulation
podiatristdr the podiatry level & specializes in diagnosing & dealing with disorders of the foot
rheumatologistphysician who specializes in diagnosis & treatment of arthritis and disorders such together osteoporosis
ankylosisloss or absence of mobility in a joint due to disease, injury, or a surgical procedure
arthrosclerosisstiffness the the joints
bursitisinflammation that a bursa
chondromalaciaabnormal softening the cartilage
chondromaslow farming benign tumor derived from cartilage cells
costochondritisinflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum
hallux valgusaka bunion, an abnormal enlargemetn that the share at the basic of the great toe
hemarthrosisblood in ~ a joint
polymyalgia rheumaticageriatric inflammatory disorder of the muscle & joints characterized by pain and also stiffness in the neck, shoulders, upper arms, hips and thighs
synovitisinflammation of the synovial membrane that outcomes in ede & pains of the influenced joint
dislocationtotal displacement that a bone from its joint
subluxationpartial displacement of a bone native its joint
arthritisinflammatory problem of one or more joint
osteoarthritismost commonly connected w/ aging
osteophytesbone spurs
spondylosisaka spinal osteoarthritis, degenerative disorder can cause the ns of common spinal framework & function
gouty arthritisaka gout, kind of arthritis defined by store of uricacid in the joints
rheumatoid arthritisaka RA, chronic autoimmune disorder in i m sorry the joints & some organs of various other body systems space attacked
ankylosing spondylitisform that rheumatoid arthritis the primarily reasons inflammation the the joints between the vertebrae
juvenile rheumatoid arthritisautoimmune disorder the affects kids ages 16 yrs or less
herniated diskaka slipped/ruptured disk break apart of one intervertebral decaying that outcomes in pressure on spinal nerve roots
lumbagopain in the lumbar region
spondylolisthesisis the forward slipping movement of the body of among the lower lumbar vertebrae on the vertebra or sacrum listed below it
spina bifidacongenital defect that occurs during early pregnancy as soon as the spinal canal fails to close completely around the spinal cord to protect it
kyphosisan abnormal boost in the outward curvature that the thoracic spine as perceived from the side
lordosisabnormal boost in the forward curvature of the lumbar spine
scoliosislateral curvature the the spine
craniostenosismalformation of the skull due to the premature birth closure the the cranial sutures
fibrous dysplasiabone disorder that unknown cause that destroys regular bone structure & replace instead replace it v fibrous tissue
ostealgiapain in the bone
osteitisinflammation of the bone
osteomalaciaaka adult rickets, abnormal softening of skeleton in adults
osteomyelitisinflammation that the bone marrow & nearby bone
osteonecrosisdeath of bone tissue because of insufficient blood supply
paget's diseasebone an illness of unknown cause
periostitisinflammation the the periosteum
ricketsdeficiency condition occurring in children,results from a vit D deficiency
short staturecondition resulting from the fail of the bones of the limbs to grow to an ideal length contrasted to the dimension of the head & trunk
talipesaka clubfoot describes any type of congenital deformity of the foot including the talus(ankle bones)
primary bone cancerrelatively rarely malignant tumor that originates in a bone
secondary bone cancerdescribes tumors that have metastasized to bones from other organs
myelomacancer the occurs in blood making cells found in red bone marrow
osteochondromaa benign bony forecast covered with cartilage
osteoporosismarked loss of bone thickness & rise in bone porosity that if frequently associated with aging
osteopeniathinner then typical bone density
compression fractureoccurs as soon as the bone is pressed together on itself
colles fractureaka broken wrist
osteoporotic hip fractureaka damaged hip usually caused by weakening the the bones as result of osteoporosis
fracturea broken bone
closed fracturebroken bone yet there is no open up wound
open fracturebroken bone and also an open up skin wound
comminuted fracturebone is splintered or crushed
greenstick fracturewhere the bone is bend & only partially broken, occurs mostly in children
pathologic fractureoccurs when a dilute bone breaks under typical strain
spiral fracturefracture whereby the bone has been twisted apart
stress fracturewhich is one overuse injury is a small crack in a bone the often establishes from chronic extreme impact
transverse fractureoccurs straight throughout the bone
fat embolusform as soon as a lengthy bone is broken & fat cells from yellow bone marrow are released right into the blood
crepitationgrating sound heard once the ends of a broken bone move together
callusforms as a bulging deposit around the area the the break
radiographaka x ray, offered to visualize bone fractures & various other abnormalities
arthroscopyvisual check of the internal structure the a joint
bone marrow biopsydiagnostic check that may be important after abnormal species or number of red or white blood cells are found in a complete blood counting test
magnetic resonance imagingused to image soft tissue structures such as the internal of facility joints
bone density testingused to determine losses or changes in bone density
ultrasonic bone thickness testingscreening test for osteoporosis or other problems that reason a loss of bone mass
dual x beam absorptiometrylow exposure radiographic measurement of the spine & hips to measure up bone density
bone marrow transplantused to treat certain types of cancer
allogenic bone marrow transplantuses healthy and balanced bones marrow cell from a compatible donor
autologous bone marrow transplantpatient obtain his very own bone marrow cells which have been harvested, cleansed,treated, and stored
orthoticmechanical appliance such together a leg brace that is specially designed come control, correct, or compensate because that impaired limb function
prosthesissubstitute because that a diseased or lacking body part
arthrodesissurgical combination of 2 bones to stiffen a joint
artholysissurgical loosening of one ankylosed joint
arthroscopic surgeryminimally invasive procedure because that the treatment of the interior of a joint
chondroplastysurgical repair of damaged cartilage
synovectomysurgical removed of a synovial membrane from a joint
viscosupplementationsinjections provided to include preparation of hyaluronic acid & connected compounds come a joint, easing friction
arthroplastysurgical repair of a damaged joint
percutaneous diskectomyperformed come treat a herniated intervertebral disk
percutaneous vertebroplastyperformed come treat osteoporosis-related compression fractures
laminectomysurgical remove of a lamina or posterior part of a vertebra
spinal fusiontechnique to immobilize part of the spine through joining with each other two or more vertebraecraniectomy
craniectomysurgical removed of a section of the skull
craniotomysurgical scratch or opening into the skull
cranioplastysurgical repair of the skull
osteoclasissurgical fracture that a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomysurgical remove of a bone
osteoplastysurgical fix of a bone or bones
osteorrhaphysurgical bland or wiring together of bones
osteotomysurgical cut of a bone
periosteotomyan incision v the periosteum come the bone
closed reductionattempted realignment that a bone involved in a fracture or joint dislocation
immobilizationact the holding, suturing, or fastening the bone in a fixed position with strapping or a cast
tractiona pulling pressure exerted on a limb in a distal direction in an effort to return the bone or joint to common alignment
external fixationfracture therapy where pins are put through the soft organization & bone so that an exterior appliance deserve to be offered to organize the pieces of bone firmly in place
internal fixationplate or pins room are placed directly into the bone to hold the broken pieces together