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The planet is split into imagine lines dubbed longitude and also latitude. This mechanism of present was produced so travelers can pinpoint exact locations anywhere the world. Latitude lines run horizontally, and also longitude lines room vertical. Works with mark wherein longitude and also latitude present intersect, and they space measured in degrees. The beginning point for measure up latitude lines is the Equator. The is located at zero degrees and marks the dividing suggest between the north and south hemispheres. The zero-degree longitude heat runs through Greenwich, England and also is referred to as the prime meridian. The prime meridian and the equator intersect in the south Atlantic Ocean.

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Why is the equator important?

The equator is the allude where we division the north and also south hemispheres. That is likewise the beginning point for navigation. Lines of latitude originate at the equator and also continue come the phibìc Pole, 90 degrees north, and also to the south Pole, 90 degrees south. The various other main separating lines of latitude are the Tropic that Cancer, 23.5 levels north and also Tropic that Capricorn, 23.5 degrees south.

What is different around the equator?

Due come the earth’s orbit and the rotation of its axis, the equator does not tilt in the direction of or away from the sun. Therefore, locations along the equator perform not have actually longer or much shorter days, nor perform they have seasons. Locations in the phibìc Hemisphere, because that example, have actually seasons significant by the solstice and also equinox, where the sunlight is during various times of the year. This is not true because that the equator. There, the job is constantly 12 hrs long. The sun rises and sets in ~ the exact same time every day and are the fastest sunrises and also sunsets in the world.

The native equator comes from the Latin native “aequare”, which means to make equal. The is one easy method to remember that the equator is equidistant native the north Pole and South Pole and that that is days and nights space equal lengths, 12 hours.

Who lives along the equator?

Most the the equator’s almost 25,000 mile is in the ocean. There space 13 nations that lie along the equator. Castle are dispersed through south America, Africa and also Asia and include, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, autonomous Republic the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Sao Tome and also Principe, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

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Fun facts around the equator

With continuous sun, the is basic to imagine that it is very hot follow me the equator’s great circle. But, in fact, over there is eye in the mountains of Equador. And, half of the world’s rainforests are situated on the equator, mainly in Brazil, Indonesia and also Congo. Over there are likewise myths about the equator, favor the moon flips upside down as soon as crossing the equator, i beg your pardon is not true. The moon may appear different in each hemisphere based on your orientation, however it has actually not flipped. Over there are additionally seafaring legends about rituals to do if crossing the equator. This ceremonies, that are claimed to salary tribute to King Neptune, are actually real and also trace back to the center Ages.