There are so numerous variables when teaching hitting that it can end up being a real an obstacle when you’re starting out coaching. It’s not as much around fixing hitters as it is about not screwing them up. Simplicity is the crucial throughout all areas of baseball
Approach to swing aircraft 101

What is swing aircraft and how much you have to really mess with it as soon as beginning


Different coaching styles

Some youngsters react in different way to either type of coaching therefore it’s good to know exactly how to usage both


Verbal cues

Basically a perform of meanings of short, concise verbiage that you should be using with your players


The trouble with most hitting instruction Hitting instruction has end up being so widespread in the baseball human being it can frequently be complicated to recognize the best means to hit a baseball. Many coaches have actually their own hitting “theory” around what is the best. Several of the info isn’t all the bad… (most of it is) however it deserve to be daunting to then use that information to a youth player, specifically with so numerous conflicting theories.

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All the info in this overview will it is in framed about teaching youth players to be an excellent hitters, and giving you reality expectations for what you have the right to expect in their mechanics.

One of the an excellent paradoxes in to teach youth hitting accuse is this idea that what will certainly generate the many runs/win games for the team vs. Mechanical efficiencies the will provide those football player the ideal chance to complete as they thrive older.

At younger ages, teams are an ext likely to score operation by merely putting the ball in play (often on the ground) and hoping for a bad hop or one error. This is partly why, in mine opinion, so many coaches will teach players to “swing down” or struggle the ball on the ground… If you execute this sufficient it will work and you will win the game. Youth players often throw the ball about the diamond when the various other team runs about the bases. This strategy deserve to be effective for the team as a entirety to create runs, yet this might not the ideal strategy because that an separation, personal, instance player to enhance his opportunities of relocating up come the next level.

The game changes a lot together players acquire older; the fielders get better, the pitchers store the sphere down better, the park gets bigger, players obtain stronger, etc.

There will certainly be a variety of disclaimers transparent this section widening on these different ideas.

This overview will be composed for mechanics to aid an individual player reach their potential as a hitter. That interesting because I had actually to fight myself rather a little bit while creating this on even if it is to create this overview on exactly how to teach hitting to completely win gamings at the youth level, or create the guide to aid players build as yes, really hitters later on in life. I chose to take the latter. Permit me be clear, i am in no means suggesting this overview will hinder her players at all, in truth it will certainly definitely assist if girlfriend follow this steps. I just placed a number of disclaimers throughout this piece simply to provide you one idea on what to expect realistically. There is frequently a time and also a place to just hit the ball on the ground and score a run… there is likewise a time to practice to end up being the finest you maybe can. All the info in right here will use to players around 14 year old or younger… offer or take. Hitting instruction can frequently be difficult to compose about… it is much less complicated to show on video. Inspect out the different videos and also gifs in the various other sections that this overview if you ever get confused.

Let’s acquire started!

Defining correct Hitting Mechanics
Definition:We specify correct mechanics by making use of objective measurement of hitting fundamentals through body geometry.

Everything we will certainly teach girlfriend in this overview has been thoroughly researched v a clinical lens. We have actually looked in ~ thousands of hrs of video clip clips of the greatest hitters transparent history, and also in present-day. The is exciting to see exactly how the advancement of major league hitting mechanics have changed over the decades, lot of this is as result of the increased size and strength of players, as well as the constantly boosting pitch rate from pitchers. Not only have we looked at professional clips, however we have also looked at hundreds of college players, high college players, and small Leaguers. By law this friend can start to attract conclusions of exactly how mechanically sound her swing demands to be to with a specific level.

Every level players go up, the hitters get much better and so perform the pitchers, therefore particular things that worked in a swing in ~ 14 years old, might not occupational at 18. Points that worked good for a division-1 players, can not work-related in dual A ball, etc. The pitches end up being too fast, the sphere has an ext movement, and also the pitchers make fewer mistakes. The an ext flaws we have actually in our swing, the weaker and also less reliable we become… this is what weeds out players together they relocate up the baseball pyramid. The far better the mechanics are, the far better your possibilities of do it come the following level. If you deserve to learn to end up being a good hitter, you have the right to play baseball because that a lengthy time…

When we usage comparative evaluation of great major organization hitters throughout history, we are able to recognize what the important aspects are that consist of a major-league swing. This guide will talk about all the information you must start building a major league totter in your youth player.

We’re walk to talk to you around a lot of of different angles with your human body parts, meaning where your body is in space. With all of these angles there is walking to be an upper and also lower threshold. We room going come make certain you understand specifically what those thresholds are to assist maximize every one of the angle in her swing.

Again, this is all based upon sample size. That is not based upon what one player does (like for this reason many contemporary hitting coaches do), it’s no what ten men did, but rather the is based on what the overwhelming bulk of every the biggest hitters throughout background did. If your youth players deserve to learn come implement the information in this guide, it is walk to collection them up to have great success as they obtain older.

Creating a stance

Elite level hitters was standing in countless different location in the batters box. At the finish of the day, it no really matter where you start. Sure, once the player is older and also are more knowledgeable around their mechanics, they deserve to manipulate components of your swing by an altering their stance, but for right currently lets simply assume we desire our stance to placed us in a an excellent athletic all set position. Most youth players have no idea why they are standing a certain method in the batters box… so let’s provide them a good reason!

As a rule of ignorance for beginning baseball players we desire to first put lock in a “universal strong position.”

This position contains: 1. Feet spread out out right into a an excellent athletic place 2. Slim tilt forward at the belt (chest end toes) 3. Evenly well balanced (no an ext than 60/40 load on earlier foot)

By starting in this position you are automatically putting yourself in the most athletic position possible.
Note:The batters ago foot need to be perfectly square come the prior of the key or contempt in. The is very common for youth football player to begin with their earlier foot pointing out… this puts their weight top top the outside of their body, lock are likely to stack your weight, which deserve to make a complete pivot an ext challenging. This body component moves in ~ zero miles per hour, therefore make sure they check their feet every time… over there is no forgive to mess this one up.

By starting in this place you are instantly putting yourself in the most athletic place possible.

Basic Geometry the Stance

Putting her players in this basic position is walk to be the simplest.

Generally, the farther batters begin away from launch position the more difficult it will certainly be for them to get to the exactly spot. No that youth players can’t do it that course however it can regularly make it much more challenging… us will increase on this ide later on.

Generally, the furthermore batters start away from this place the more difficult it will be for them to gain to a proper launch position (scroll down to read much more on beginning position).

It doesn’t really matter just how a hitter stand in the box. Some of the best hitters throughout time have had some that the many bizarre stances.


Note:When the batter is in package you want to make certain they no standing perfect still… castle should have actually a small movement or inertia created, this will assist with their timing and also cadence.

Where to was standing in relation to the plate

As a preeminence of ignorance the batter have to not it is in too far away native the bowl or as well close. We desire to attain that perfect distance whereby the batter is able come hit a pitch the is low-and-away, and also crush the pitch that’s up-and-in. If the batter is standing with their feet square in the box their front foot need to be no closer than 8” and also no farther than 12” native the plate. Taller players are going to have a much longer bats than much shorter players, which method they have to stand a little further away from the plate than a much shorter player. The most important component is the batter is able to hit pitches that are low-and-away.

Tip: one easy way to measure for younger football player is to location the bat across the plate v the tip about 1” end the much side the the plate, and then location their foot whereby the knob of the bat is… it should around fall in between 8-12” range depending ~ above the size of the player.

Understand: this bat trick is simply a general rule of thumb, this no work as well for enlarge players as their bat is too long.

The distance to the pitcher in the box will differ slightly native hitter to hitter. The many neutral place to was standing in the box is through your former foot lined up v the middle corner of the plate. For slow pitchers you have the right to cheat your method closer come the pitcher. Because that the much faster pitchers, scoot ago in package a little.

Launch Position


Definition:The “launch position,” is defined as the 3-dimensional geometric shape of the body (including position of the bat) in ~ the minute the front toe touch the ground, i m sorry if done properly is the instant prior to the hand fire forward.

One of the main facets of gift a an excellent hitter is gift able to develop consistency within the swing. The swing requirements to have the ability to be reproduced over and over until the player’s muscle habit patterns end up being so deeply ingrained the it’s the just swing the player knows. If us take one swing a particular way, and then shot to take an additional swing a different way, we are doing oneself a disservice. A player requirements to have the ability to get into a great launch place over and also over, regardless of the situation. It can be an extremely challenging task because that youth players and also should it is in THE key MECHANICAL element your players work-related on, since it is walk to be the entire foundation for the remainder of the swing. View doesn’t matter… launch place is everything.

Hitting a baseball is exceptionally reactionary. When we start the loading procedure we have actually no idea where the pitch will certainly be, just how fast, just how much movement, what type of pitch it is, etc. The only thing we desire to need to rely ~ above is our reaction, and also our capacity to make micro adjustments together the pitch comes in. The launch position is miscellaneous a player need to be functioning all for the length of their career. If friend can acquire into a great spot here, the remainder of the swing will often take treatment of itself.

Launch place is walking to be our key reference point when examining the swing. Having a regular reference point then enables us to use comparative evaluation to determine the usual mechanics of large leaguers. Lunch position can be uncovered a pair different ways depending upon what is happening through the swing.

At the large league level this occurs ideal at former toe touch, which is the instant before the hand fire front . For numerous players that produce slipping (see flaws) or they have a no-stride (the former foot never leaves the ground once loading) Here, the launch position can be uncovered the instant before the hand fire forward. This is yet not the many effective means to load because the hitter is unable to develop kinetic energy and momentum.

If you are going come no-stride you better be extremely strong and quick, or be mainly in the field because you are setting yourself approximately swing native a weaker position… part players deserve to do this and also it works well because that them, but it is just going to be a very little percentage that the population.

How to walk from view to start position

Teaching her players to no step-and-swing and not come slip is among the most vital things they must work on.

Slipping is when the batter placed their foot down too early and the swing no start right away, over there is regularly a drifting motion that is then linked with it. The swing have to start the moment after the prior toe touch the ground; over there shouldn’t it is in a delay.

A step-and-swing is when the batter initiates his swing prior to the front foot has hit the ground. Stepping and also swinging is problematic for two reasons: 1. Major reduction in strength potential 2. Renders off-speed pitches very challenging

The method we gain to launch place is the idea of walk “foot-forward, hands-back.”

“When instructing youth players, among the most vital fundamentals is to teach them exactly how to load properly.”

Think of this together if the batter had actually a rubber tape attached to the knob of his bat and the front of his foot… we space trying to produce dynamic stress by “stretching this rubber band.” Ideally the batter stretches this rubber band, as soon as the prior food fight the floor the swing will certainly start.

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Stepping and swinging is the opposite of extending the rubber band. Below are a pair examples the what stepping-and-swinging watch like. We can see the left handed hitter has actually a significant step and also swing, when the right handed college student is lot better, yet it is tho present.

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DrillWork on this concept with college student by walk “Stance… Launch…. Fire” and also the players occupational on walk foot-forward hands-back, over and also over. As they discover this move you can start come shorten the term of pauses in between positions “stance, launch, fire.”

The hitter should always be timing turn off a fastball uneven they are guessing strategically for one more pitch.


*Note: There will certainly be a slight hold-up on the begin of the swing top top off rate pitches due to the adjust in speed. The hitter should constantly be timing turn off a fastball uneven they space guessing strategically for an additional pitch. Former toe touch is our key reference allude when analyzing a swing. angle at start position

The geometric shape we produce at start position is one of the most crucial parts of the swing. The is exceptional how continual elite level hitters are at gaining into this place properly. There is a big list of angle our body will produce at former toe touch. Within every of these angles, there will be one upper and also lower threshold. We just need to make sure we room within spec within every one of these angles. that is in reality pretty remarkable how continuous these angles are in significant league hitters.

I want to emphasize below again these space not just angles that us think space best. You will check out a variety of different images of major leaguers at the same moment in time obtaining into this position. Understand, these are players the didn’t prosper up together, didn’t have actually the very same hitting coach, no play on the very same high institution team, can not even be from the exact same country, etc…. However these are the players who never acquired weeded out. The players who made it come the optimal of the baseball pyramid… consistently obtain into this place the instant prior to the hands fire foreword. This is profound information, and also it’s miscellaneous the bulk of hitting coaches know nothing about.

The most crucial ones to note for beginners are the following: – Knob that bat: points come ground around catcher’s feet. “Barrel up.” – back forearm: Close to level come the floor – prior arm: Close to 135 degrees – prior forearm: Points contempt uphill (hands over elbow) – also weight circulation – slight tilt forward at the waist (universal strong position) – Eyes: Level come the ground and also square to the pitcher. – Spine angle: slightly ago (nothing forward of vertical) – former shoulder: slightly down-and-in (at the very least level at best)

As the player it s okay older these angle become more and more important come achieve… at younger periods it’s more important for them to fill properly and also swing hard. They room going to have a very daunting time getting into this position, particularly out ~ above a baseball ar with one more beginner throwing to them. Dialing in all these different angles is going to be less complicated one-on-one vs. With the entirety team. Finding out to store the barrel up is going to be among the most necessary things they could implement.


Tip:Doing dried reps (Practice mechanics without hitting a ball i.e. Swinging in the air) from stance to start will assist the players feeling what it’s choose to get into this position. “A appropriate launch position permits the hitter to appropriately swing on aircraft with power.”

Launch place (expanded) Bat angle: This is among the most important elements of gift a great hitter. Youth players space going to battle with this; this is just one of the most an overwhelming parts of hitting because that them. Once the barrel is level it to adjust the hitter increase for higher pitches, as soon as the barrel is nice and also steep that sets the hitter increase for lower pitches.

Disclaimer: in ~ younger ages the pitchers often have a hard time maintaining the sphere down in the zone, and also in order to save the video game moving at a common pace umpires are often forced to contact pitches in ~ the letters strikes. Pitchers regularly have to “lob” the round to the key in order because that it to be a strike, which creates a huge arch. The mix of these components often bring about the barrel gift flat… which deserve to often cause success at young ages, yet will severely hinder the player together he/she it s okay older.

Spine angle: Spine angle is going to it is in the axis of rotation; this is taken right into account indigenous the side view as well as the front/back view. Once a player it s okay to start position, castle then desire to revolve as quick as possible around their spine. We store the spine edge slightly earlier because it permits the hitter to more properly hit heat drives with an excellent trajectory. (INSERT MCCUCHEN GIF below #6)

Front shoulder down-and-in: This is walking to produce counter-rotation because that the batter. The hips should be square come the pitcher in ~ launch, while the shoulders are closed turn off down-and-in. This will create torque in the player’s mid-section/core, like a winding increase rubber band all set to release.

Back forearm parallel come the ground: This is usually going to work directly with bat angle. When a player’s bat is too flat, the forearm hangs down an ext vertically. Once the barrel is up, the forearm is method more likely to gain level. This forearm should likewise be perpendicular to the heat of the pitch… or parallel with the prior of the key Again, due to the fact that youth football player are nearly always flat with their barrel they will usually have their earlier forearm closer to vertical.

Even weight distribution: This offers the hitter ideal balance. Without an excellent balance, the rest of the swing is likely to gain thrown off somewhere under the line. If load gets too stacked top top the back leg, the hitter will likely not be able to rotate as well or they will slip. See flaws on slipping.

 Front arm Angle: The closer the hitter is to 90 degrees the higher the contact potential. The an ext this eight is stretched out the an ext power they will certainly have. Composite significant league is about 135˚. Prior arm have to not gain locked out and should never be less than 90-100˚.

Eyes Level: Players will regularly stand in the box with their eyes tilted under hill. This is going to cause major issues because that them while trying come hit a moving object. Both eyes must be level and as close to square together possible.

Examples the Youth start Positions

Example #1 (insert youth beginning position example #1 here, picture #7)

This launch position from student 1 is nice good! The barrel is pointing to the floor close to the catchers feet… he is a small wrapped about his head, but all at once pretty good there. His back forearm is level with the ground, spine edge is back, prior shoulder is contempt down and in, and he is near to evenly balanced. All at once pretty fine done. You deserve to see however he is nice far back with his spine angle… we just say spine angle demands to it is in ‘slightly’ back, not way back… so obtaining the player to stay up a little an ext vertical would be a great coaching cue.

Example #2 (insert youth start position instance #2 here, photo #8)

This launch place is an ext of a common position for many youth players. We can see the barrel is a too flat… notice how the reminder of the bat is hanging behind his head. Us can likewise see the earlier forearm is hanging down also low. Again… bat angle and earlier forearm regularly go hand-in-hand. The player’s spine angle is good, but you can see his former shoulder is pointing uphill. The player is close to same balanced and his spine angle is good, so no concerns there. This is your classic example the a typical youth start position.

Example #3: (insert youth start position example #3 here, picture #9) This is an additional classic example of a beginner launch position. This student did step-and-swing fairly a bit. We deserve to see the barrel is means too flat and also too laid off… i m sorry we can see the back forearm also hangs down because those 2 flaws often go hand-in-hand. The spine angle is slightly back, i m sorry is good, however this is happening much more so since of the front shoulder pointing up (along through the step-and-swing). The former foot did step in the bucket a small too. The is evenly balanced so he’s gained that going on!

Example #4: (Insert youth beginning position example #4 here, photo #10) This college student here likewise has a pretty great load. You have the right to see the bat edge is right at the catcher’s feet in addition to his back forearm being level to the ground. It is great! The main difficulty here is the front shoulder is pointing uphill.

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* Disclaimer: as mentioned prior to at younger ages this isn’t yes, really a huge issue due to the fact that the pitches regularly come in indigenous a steep angle. If this was a high institution player it would certainly be much more problematic, but for this 10 year old student… not the finish of the world.