Niobium

element 41 of periodic table is Niobium with atomic number 41, atomic load 92.90638. Niobium, price Nb, has actually a Body focused Cubic structure and also Gray color. Niobium is a change metal element. Recognize everything around Niobium Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and also Crystal Structure.


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Niobium, previously columbium, is a chemical element with prize Nb (formerly Cb) and also atomic number 41. It is a soft, grey, ductile shift metal, i m sorry is often discovered in the pyrochlore mineral, the key commercial resource for niobium, and also columbite. The name comes from Greek mythology:Niobe, daughter the Tantalus since it is so similar to tantalum.

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Niobium Facts

Read an essential information and also facts about element Niobium

surname Niobium
atom Number 41
atom Symbol Nb
Atomic weight 92.90638
step Solid
color Gray
Classification transition metal
group in routine Table 5
Group Name vanadium household
duration in regular Table 5
Block in routine Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 4d4 5s1
Melting suggest 2477 °C
Boiling allude 4744 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 12, 1>
CAS Number CAS7440-03-1

community
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

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How to find Niobium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is same as number of electrons. The atom number increases from left come right. Regular table beginning at optimal left ( atomic number 1) and ends at bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look for atomic number 41 to discover Niobium on regular table.

Another way to read regular table and locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To find Niobium on regular table look for cross section of team 5 and period 5 in the modern-day periodic table.

check out Interactive regular Table come Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Niobium with various other elements

Niobium History

The element Niobium was uncovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in uk . Niobium derived its name from Niobe, daughter that king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Niobium Presence: abundance in Nature and also Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Niobium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in cosmos 2×10-7%
abundance in sunlight 4×10-7%
diversity in Meteorites 1.9e-07
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 1.7e-05
abundance in oceans 1×10-10%
abundance in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Niobium

The solid state structure of Niobium is Body focused Cubic.

The crystal structure have the right to be described in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to form the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
330.04 330.04 330.04 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms within the unit cell are defined by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a referral lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are explained by the ide of space groups. All feasible symmetric species of particles in three-dimensional an are are defined by the 230 an are groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

room Group surname Im_ 3m
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an are Group Number 229
Crystal framework Body centered Cubic

Niobium Atomic and Orbital Properties

Niobium atoms have 41 electrons and the electronic shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 12, 1> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 6D1/2.


atom Number 41
Number of electron (with no charge) 41
Number of Protons 41
Mass Number 93
Number the Neutrons 52
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 12, 1>
Electron configuration 4d4 5s1
Valence Electrons 4d4 5s1
Oxidation State -3;-1 1;2;3;4;5
Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 6D1/2

Shell framework of Niobium - electrons per energy level


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Ground State electronic Configuration of Niobium - neutral Niobium atom

The soil state digital configuration that Neutral Niobium atom is 4d4 5s1. The portion of Niobium configuration that is tantamount to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with countless electrons, this notation deserve to become lengthy and therefore an abbreviated notation is used.This is vital as that is the Valence electrons 4d4 5s1, electrons in the outermost covering that determine the chemical properties of the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration of neutral Niobium

Complete soil state digital configuration for the Niobium atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d4 5s1

Atomic structure of Niobium

Niobium atom radius is 198 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 137 pm.

atomic Radius

198 afternoon (1.98 Å)

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Niobium chemical Properties: Niobium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity of Niobium is 86.1 kJ/mol

Valence 5
Electronegativity 1.6
ElectronAffinity 86.1 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Niobium

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Niobium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 652.1
2 1380
3 2416
4 3.7×103
5 4877
6 9847
7 1.21×104

Niobium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Niobium physical Properties

Niobium is Conductor of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties of Niobium

electric Conductivity 6.7×106 S/m
Resistivity 1.5×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting allude 9.25

Niobium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 54 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 7.3×10-6 K-1

Niobium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Paramagnetic
Curie point N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility 2.76×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility 2.56×10-9
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility 0.000237

Optical properties of Niobium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic properties of Niobium

rate of Sound 3480 m/s

Niobium heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table listed below for thermal properties the Niobium

Melting point 2750 K (2477 °C)
Boiling suggest 5017 K (4744 °C)
vital Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest 9.25

Enthalpies the Niobium

heat of combination 26.8 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 690 kJ/mol
warmth of burning N/A

Niobium isotope - atom Properties the Niobium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Niobium has actually 1 secure isotope - 93Nb.


Isotope Isotope massive % diversity T fifty percent Decay setting
81Nb
82Nb
83Nb
84Nb
85Nb
86Nb
87Nb
88Nb
89Nb
90Nb
91Nb
92Nb
93Nb 100% steady N/A
94Nb
95Nb
96Nb
97Nb
98Nb
99Nb
100Nb
101Nb
102Nb
103Nb
104Nb
105Nb
106Nb
107Nb
108Nb
109Nb
110Nb
111Nb
112Nb
113Nb

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-03-1
RTECS Number RTECSQT9900000
dot Hazard course N/A
period Numbers N/A
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA wellness Rating N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A
Autoignition suggest N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of distinct identifiers to search the facet in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7440-03-1
CID Number CID23936
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSQT9900000

Compare Niobium with all Group 5 elements

Niobium vs Vanadium Niobium vs Tantalum Niobium vs Dubnium

Compare Niobium with all transition metal elements

Niobium vs Scandium Niobium vs Titanium Niobium vs Vanadium Niobium vs Chromium Niobium vs Manganese Niobium vs stole Niobium vs Cobalt Niobium vs Nickel Niobium vs Copper Niobium vs Zinc Niobium vs Yttrium Niobium vs Zirconium Niobium vs Molybdenum Niobium vs Technetium Niobium vs Ruthenium Niobium vs Rhodium Niobium vs Palladium Niobium vs silver Niobium vs Cadmium Niobium vs Hafnium Niobium vs Tantalum Niobium vs Tungsten Niobium vs Rhenium Niobium vs Osmium Niobium vs Iridium Niobium vs Platinum Niobium vs yellow Niobium vs Mercury Niobium vs Rutherfordium Niobium vs Dubnium Niobium vs Seaborgium Niobium vs Bohrium Niobium vs Hassium Niobium vs Meitnerium Niobium vs Darmstadtium Niobium vs Roentgenium Niobium vs Copernicium