Beryllium

facet 4 of regular table is Beryllium through atomic number 4, atomic weight 9.012182. Beryllium, price Be, has actually a simple Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color. Beryllium is a alkaline earth metal element. Trivial name of Beryllium is alkaline planet metals*. Know everything around Beryllium Facts, physics Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Beryllium is a chemical facet with price Be and also atomic number 4. That is produced through stellar nucleosynthesis and also is a fairly rare facet in the universe. The is a divalent aspect which occurs normally only in combination with other facets in minerals.

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Beryllium Facts

Read key information and also facts about element Beryllium

name Beryllium
atomic Number 4
atomic Symbol Be
Atomic weight 9.012182
phase Solid
shade SlateGray
Classification alkaline planet metal
group in routine Table 2
Group Name beryllium family members
duration in regular Table 2
Block in periodic Table s-block
Electronic Configuration 2s2
Melting point 1287 °C
Boiling suggest 2470 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-41-7

community
1
H
3
Li
4
Be
11
Na
12
Mg
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

discover our interactive periodic table


How to find Beryllium on periodic Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus which is very same as variety of electrons. The atom number increases from left to right. Periodic table starts at top left ( atomic number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom best (atomic number 118). Therefore you can straight look for atomic number 4 to discover Beryllium on routine table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an aspect is by using team number (column) and period number (row). To find Beryllium on periodic table look because that cross ar of group 2 and period 2 in the modern-day periodic table.

explore Interactive routine Table to Understand and also Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and also Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Databases
Compare Beryllium with other elements

Beryllium History

The element Beryllium was discovered by luigi Nicolas Vauquelin in year 1797 in France . Beryllium derived its name from beryl, a mineral

Beryllium Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table listed below shows the diversity of Beryllium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 1×10-7%
diversity in sunlight 1×10-8%
abundance in Meteorites 2.9×10-6%
Abundance in Earth"s crust 1.9e-06
abundance in oceans 6×10-11%
abundance in humans 4×10-8%

Crystal framework of Beryllium

The solid state structure of Beryllium is Simple Hexagonal.

The decision structure have the right to be explained in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in terms of its lattice parameters, which are the lengths that the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
228.58 228.58 358.43 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are defined by the set of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the decision are explained by the concept of room groups. All possible symmetric species of corpuscle in three-dimensional an are are described by the 230 room groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

space Group name P63/mmc
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space Group Number 194
Crystal framework Simple Hexagonal

Beryllium Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Beryllium atoms have actually 4 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 2> through Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.


atom Number 4
Number of electron (with no charge) 4
Number that Protons 4
Mass Number 9
Number that Neutrons 5
Shell framework (Electrons per power level) <2, 2>
Electron configuration 2s2
Valence Electrons 2s2
Oxidation State 1;2
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell structure of Beryllium - electrons per power level


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Ground State digital Configuration the Beryllium - neutral Beryllium atom

The soil state digital configuration the Neutral Beryllium atom is 2s2. The portion of Beryllium configuration that is identical to the noble gas the the coming before period, is abbreviated together . Because that atoms with numerous electrons, this notation can become an extensive and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is important as that is the Valence electrons 2s2, electron in the outermost shell that recognize the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Beryllium

Complete ground state electronic configuration because that the Beryllium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2

Atomic framework of Beryllium

Beryllium atom radius is 112 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 90 pm.

atom Radius

112 afternoon (1.12 Å)

Atomic Volume 4.87672186147 cm3
Covalent Radius 90 afternoon (0.9 Å)
valve der Waals Radius N/A
spirit Cross ar 0.0092 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Beryllium

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Beryllium chemistry Properties: Beryllium Ionization Energies and also electron affinity

The electron affinity of Beryllium is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.57
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Beryllium

Refer to table below for Ionization energies that Beryllium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 899.5
2 1757.1
3 14848.7
4 21006.6

Beryllium physical Properties

Refer to listed below table for Beryllium physical Properties

density 1.848 g/cm3
Molar Volume 4.87672186147 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 287 GPa
Shear Modulus 132 GPa
bulk Modulus 130 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.032

Hardness that Beryllium - tests to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 5.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness 1670 MPa
Brinell Hardness 600 MPa

Beryllium electric Properties

Beryllium is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electrical properties that Beryllium

electrical Conductivity 2.5×107 S/m
Resistivity 4×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting allude 0.026

Beryllium Heat and Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 190 W/(m K)
Thermal growth 0.0000113 K-1

Beryllium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic form Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -1.26×10-8
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.136×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -2.328e-05

Optical properties of Beryllium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Beryllium

rate of Sound 1.3×104 m/s

Beryllium thermal Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for thermal properties of Beryllium

Melting allude 1560 K (1287 °C)
Boiling suggest 2743 K (2470 °C)
critical Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 0.026

Enthalpies the Beryllium

heat of combination 7.95 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 297 kJ/mol
heat of combustion N/A

Beryllium isotopes - nuclear Properties of Beryllium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally developing Beryllium has 1 secure isotope - 9Be.


Isotope Isotope mass % variety T half Decay mode
5Be
6Be
7Be
8Be
9Be secure N/A
10Be
11Be
12Be
13Be
14Be
15Be
16Be

Regulatory and also Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-41-7
RTECS Number RTECSDS1750000
dot Hazard course 6.1
dot Numbers 1567
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 1
NFPA hazards N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 3
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition point N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to find the facet in miscellaneous chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7440-41-7
CID Number CID5460467
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSDS1750000

Compare Beryllium v all Group 2 elements

Beryllium vs Magnesium Beryllium vs Calcium Beryllium vs Strontium Beryllium vs Barium Beryllium vs Radium

Compare Beryllium v all alkaline planet metal elements

Beryllium vs Magnesium Beryllium vs Calcium Beryllium vs Strontium Beryllium vs Barium Beryllium vs Radium