Four varieties of tropic mangroves can be found around the Gulf that Mexico. Their considerable root systems protect the coastline from erosion and storm damage. The mangrove here (inset) is a red mangrove.  

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Mangrove swamps are coastal wetlands discovered in tropical and subtropical regions. They are identified by halophytic (salt loving) trees, shrubs and also other plants farming in brackish to saline tidal waters. These wetlands space often uncovered in estuaries, wherein fresh water meets salt water and are well known for your impenetrable maze the woody vegetation. In phibìc America, they are discovered from the southern tip of Florida follow me the Gulf coast to Texas. Florida"s southwest coastline supports among the largest mangrove swamps in the world.


black Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) is the most common mangrove in the united States outside of the everglades. The straw-like spikes surrounding this plant space pneumatophores.

Mangrove trees conquer this swamp ecosystem as result of their capability to endure in both salt and fresh water. In the continental unified States, only three species of mangrove grow: red, black, and white mangroves. Red Mangrove (Rhizophera mangle) is easily recognized through its distinctive arching roots. Black Mangrove (Avicennia sp.), which frequently grows much more inland, has root projections dubbed pneumatophores, which help to it is provided the plant with air in submerged soils. White Mangroves (Laguncularia racemosa) often grow also farther inland through no exceptional root structures.


The Snowy Egret (Egretta thula), now common, was hunted almost to extinct in the early 20th century because that its fine feather which were supplied to adorn hats.

A wide diversity of animals are discovered in mangrove swamps. Since these estuarine swamps are constantly replenished through nutrients transported by fresh water runoff native the land and flushed through the ebb and flow that the tides, they support a bursting populace of bacteria and also other decomposers and filter feeders. These ecosystems sustain billions the worms, protozoa, barnacles (Balanus spp.), oysters (Crassostrea spp.), and other invertebrates. This organisms in turn feed fish and shrimp, which assistance wading birds, pelicans, and also the threatened Crocodile.

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