Sections: Slavery—The strange Institution | free Blacks in the Antebellum period | Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and also the increase of the Sectional dispute | The Civil battle | Reconstruction and also Its aftermath | The Booker T. Washington Era | civilization War I and also Postwar culture | The Depression, The brand-new Deal, and World battle II | The Civil rights Era

The Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 freed afri Americans in rebel states, and after the civil War, the Thirteenth amendment emancipated all U.S. Servants wherever lock were. Together a result, the fixed of southern blacks now faced the difficulty Northern blacks had confronted—that the a totally free people surrounded by numerous hostile whites. One freedman, Houston Hartsfield Holloway, wrote, “For us colored human being did no know just how to be totally free and the white people did not know exactly how to have actually a cost-free colored person about them.”

Even ~ the Emancipation Proclamation, two much more years the war, service by afri American troops, and the defeat of the Confederacy, the nation was still unprepared to address the inquiry of full citizenship for its freshly freed black color population. The Reconstruction implemented by Congress, i beg your pardon lasted indigenous 1866 come 1877, to be aimed in ~ reorganizing the Southern says after the polite War, giving the way for readmitting them right into the Union, and also defining the method by i m sorry whites and also blacks could live with each other in a nonslave society. The South, however, saw restoration as a humiliating, also vengeful imposition and did no welcome it.

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During the years after the war, black and also white teachers from the North and South, missionary organizations, churches and also schools worked tirelessly to provide the emancipated population the possibility to learn. Previous slaves of every age took advantage of the possibility to come to be literate. Grandfathers and also their grandchildren sat with each other in classrooms search to obtain the tools of freedom.

After the polite War, through the defense of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments come the Constitution and also the Civil civil liberties Act the 1866, african Americans appreciated a period when castle were allowed to vote, proactively participate in the political process, acquire the soil of previous owners, seek their own employment, and use publicly accommodations. Enemies of this progress, however, shortly rallied against the former slaves" freedom and began to find way for eroding the gains because that which many had burned their blood.


Thomas Nast"s explicate of emancipation in ~ the end of the Civil war envisions the future of complimentary blacks in the U.S. And contrasts that with assorted cruelties that the college of slavery.


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Freed Persons receive Wages From former Owner



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Hampton Plantation Account Book, 1866–1868. South Carolina. Handwritten manuscript. Page 68 - page 69. Assorted Manuscript Collection, Manuscript Division, Library of conference (5–20)



A Hunger come Learn


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Glimpses of the Freed Women


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African Americans and also The Franchise


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Published by the Pennsylvania Freedmen"s Relief Association, this broadside is depicted with a photo of “Sea-island School, No 1—St. Helena Island , established April, 1862.” might 1863 letters from teachers at St. Helena Island describe their young students together “the prettiest small things you ever saw, through solemn small faces, and eyes favor stars.” Vacations seemed a hardship to these students, that were so anxious to improve their reading and writing that they begged not to “be punished so again.” Voluntary contributions from various establishments aided fourteen hundreds teachers in offering literacy and also vocational education and learning for 150,000 freedmen.

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Radical Members of the very first Legislature after ~ the War, south Carolina. Photograph. 1878. Prints and Photographs Division, Library the Congress. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-28044 (5–11)





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The Fifteenth Amendment come the U.S. Constitution offered the vote to all male citizens regardless of color or previous problem of servitude. Afri Americans became affiliated in the political procedure not only as voter but likewise as government representatives in ~ the tasiilaq.netal, state and also national level. Although your elections to be often contested by whites, and members that the legislative body were usually reluctant to obtain them, numerous African American guys ably offered their nation during Reconstruction. Pictured right here are councilor Hiram R. Revels and also Representatives Benjamin S. Turner, Josiah T. Walls, Joseph H. Rainey, Robert Brown Elliot, Robert D. De Large, and also Jefferson H. Long.



Distinguished fancy Men



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Courtesy of the Sumter gallery of Art, Sumter, south Carolina.

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An african American school of greater Learning—Wilberforce University




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Sections: Slavery—The strange Institution | complimentary Blacks in the Antebellum period | Abolition, Anti-Slavery Movements, and the increase of the Sectional conflict | The Civil battle | Reconstruction and also Its aftermath | The Booker T. Washington Era | people War I and also Postwar culture | The Depression, The new Deal, and also World battle II | The Civil civil liberties Era

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