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43. The correct answer is Option A. This position is held by meritocracy. 44. The correct ans…View the full answer
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Transcribed image text: Question 43 1.33 pts Which of the following terms means, "a widespread belief that one's class position is pretty much determined solely by individual achievement." O meritocracy caste individualism egalitarianism Question 44 1.33 pts Which of the following is the best definition of the term, 'social structure? durable patterns of behavior and nonrandom assortments of actions and events that occur in social life. the individual agency people use to structure social life when confronted with durable inequalities. commonplace dwellings in which significant numbers of the population resides. a macro-sized statistical area developed by the U.S.census bureau for purposes of population counting. 1.33 pts Question 45 According to our discussion in class, the term 'race' refers to a group of people that: are physically distinct in some way and are generally considered by themselves and others to constitute a distinct group are physically and culturally distinct in some way are physically distinct in some way are culturally distinct in some way and are generally considered by themselves and others to constitute a distinct group Question 46 1.33 pts Deviance is best defined as: any recognized violation of a cultural norm actions and thoughts that are inherently bad or evil action that is inherently bad or evil thoughts that are inherently bad or evil Question 47 1.33 pts In order for something to be considered deviant, two things have to happen: violation of a norm; negative reaction (i.e., sanctioning) from others adherence to a norm; negative reaction (i.e., sanctioning) from others violation of a norm; failure of others to recognize that violation adherence to a norm; failure of others to recognize that adherence Question 48 1.33 pts True or False? From a strictly sociological point of view, some actions and thoughts are inherently deviant. True False Question 49 1.33 pts Crime is best defined as the violation of a society's formally enacted criminal law. True False Question 50 1.33 pts True or False? A sociological approach to deviance focuses on how individual attributes, such as mental traits or genetics, directly cause people to engage in deviance. True False Question 61 1.33 pts Sheena is a high level manager at a federal bank, and for the last several months she has been embezzling funds and using the money to purchase cars and various gadgets for herself. Sheena's crime is best described as: white-collar O corporate blue-collar capitalist Question 62 1.33 pts The statement, "the law is a tool used by the powerful to protect and promote their own interests" is most closely aligned with the perspective on deviance. Conflict Functionalist Postmodern Symbolic Interactionist Question 63 1.33 pts Cooley and Mead helped lay the basic theoretical groundwork for which of the following approaches to understanding deviance? labeling theory stigmatization theory functionalist theory social conflict theory Question 65 1.33 pts Whether we define deviance as a moral or medical issue affects: who (e.g., agencies, organizations, authorities) responds to a particular act of deviance how easily labels 'stick to the person to which they are being applied social solidarity and the boundaries between right and wrong the norms used to construct deviant categories in the first place Question 66 1.33 pts "Deviance exists because inequality exists" is a phrase mostly closely associated with which theoretical perspective? Conflict Functionalist Rational Choice Symbolic Interactionist