Enrichment Assignment�������� old Rome: indigenous Republic come Empire
Trade Routes and also Currency help the Romans develop a more powerful Empire
You have actually learned that Rome grew its realm through a series of wars. The Romans knew how to conquer brand-new territory. Yet it takes more than armies and fighting to store an empire. One empire also needs a solid economy to feeding its people, carry out necessary goods and also luxuries, and also pay for its armies and government. A key part of any kind of economy is trade. As the realm grew, the Romans supported trade by boosting trade routes and also providing a solitary currency, or kind of money. Let�s watch at just how these steps helped the Romans thrive their economy and strengthen their empire.
Trade Routes at its height during the 100s c.e., the Roman realm ruled all the lands the ringed the Mediterranean Sea. The growth of the realm had offered the Romans manage of profession routes as well as territory. Traders traveling by land and sea linked people and also goods throughout the empire. Indigenous Spain come wine, olive oil, copper, and gold. Britain offered its tin and also wool. Gaul produced olives, wine, grain, glass, and pottery. Wool, linen, and also timber were shipped native Asia young (present-day Turkey) and Syria. Egypt noted papyrus, i beg your pardon was supplied to do paper, and substantial amounts of grain. Every year substantial grain fleets sailed from Egypt and Africa, bringing much-needed food to Rome. Trade also brought valuable goods from external the empire. Caravans brought goods to busy port urban on the Mediterranean. Indigenous Africa come gold, incense, and ivory, and luxuries such together ostrich eggs. Indian spices, Chinese silk, and other goods traveled throughout Asia by land come cities prefer Antioch in Syria. From over there they to be shipped to Rome. The Romans enhanced these profession routes and also created new ones. They constructed harbors, canals, and a large system of roads. While the lasted, the Pax Romana (Roman Peace) detailed the order and also stability that profession required. The Roman army made the roads and sea courses safe for traders. In turn, trade assisted the economic situation grow. People in every area the the empire might sell what they prospered or do to world in other areas who could use these goods. Lock could also buy things that castle couldn�t produce for themselves. Because that instance, the city the Rome required much an ext grain to feeding its civilization than local farmers could grow. Through trading v Egypt, Romans got the grain they needed. Egypt benefits by selling grain come Rome.
Currency System The people who comprised the Roman empire came from countless cultures and spoke countless languages. The Romans knew that people needed a standard method of exchanging money if trade was to flourish. For this reason the government created currency in the form of coins. Coins to be made of silver, gold, and sometimes bronze. The worth of every coin was same to the worth of the metal it contained. Everyone learned to use the exact same coins, which made that much simpler to set prices and to buy and also sell items (and pay taxes). as well as making profession easier, coins helped the government to connect with people. Inscriptions and also images top top the coins sent out messages indigenous Rome throughout the empire. The pictures on some coins symbolized values, qualities, or concepts that were crucial to the Romans. Once Americans check out the Statue that Liberty, they think that freedom. Because that Romans, the goddess Felicitas stood for happiness. Kings used the picture of Felicitas to symbolize the blessing of roman rule. our coins don�t frequently change. Roman coins were different. At a time as soon as there to be no newspapers, radio, or television, kings regularly issued new coins that reflected the news of the day. The very first emperor, Caesar Augustus, issued over 100 types of coins during his lengthy reign. Emperors additionally used coins to publicize your efforts and also accomplishments. They put their own pictures on the coins. (Augustus made decision to display himself as a young man even after he had actually aged.) often they included messages around victories in battles or important construction projects. plenty of messages to be intended come persuade world that Roman rule was great for them. One coin, because that example, verified a female figure holding a cornucopia (a horn-shaped container overflowing with food) and ears of grain. The image was supposed to communicate that the emperor was making sure his human being had sufficient grain to do food. The Romans, then, used coins not just to make trade easier but additionally to unify the empire. If Roman currency remained strong, it aided the empire to prosper. In the later years of the empire, roman coins lost a great part of your value. This was one sign of a weakening economy�and that mounting troubles in the empire.
Enrichment Activity design a coin come be provided for profession in the roman Empire. Follow these steps:
On one side, produce a visual the celebrates the empire�s trade routes. You could focus on few of the beneficial products that were traded or on several of the means that the Romans made trade easier.
On the various other side, develop a visual the celebrates the empire�s rule.