CIRCULATING BLOOD IS A fairly VISCOUS SUBSTANCE that VARIES IN color DEPENDING ~ above THE lot OF OXYGEN that IS CARRYING. THE greater THE OXYGEN levels THE BRIGHTER THE COLOR.

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RED BLOOD CELL, MEGAKARYOCYTE, EOSINOPHIL, BASOPHIL, MONOCYTE, NEUTROPHIL, and also LYMPHOCYTE room ALL examples OF?


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WHAT IS THE typical LIFE expectancy OF A RED BLOOD CELL? exactly how DOES its ANUCLEATE CONDITION affect THIS LIFE SPAN?


DURATION that DEVELOPMENT around 15 DAYS; LIFE expectancy 100 - 120 DAYS. Due to the fact that ITS ANUCLEATE THEY room UNABLE come REPRODUCE OR REPAIR damages CAUSED come IT throughout CIRCULATION.


FROM MEMORY, explain THE STRUCTURAL qualities OF each OF THE following BLOOD CELL types AS ACCURATELY together POSSIBLE, and NOTE THE percent OF each IN THE complete WHITE BLOOD cabinet POPULATION. (EOSINOPHIL)


(2% - 4%) BILOBE NUCLEUS, CONTAINS huge CYTOPLASMIC GRANULES (ELABORATE LYSOSOMES), STAINS RED-ORANGE.


FROM MEMORY, explain THE STRUCTURAL characteristics OF every OF THE following BLOOD CELL varieties AS ACCURATELY as POSSIBLE, and also NOTE THE percent OF every IN THE complete WHITE BLOOD cell POPULATION(NEUTROPHIL)


(50% - 70%) NUCLEUS consists OF 3 come 6 LOBES and also PALE LILAC CYTOPLASM has FINE CYTOPLASMIC GRANULES.


FROM MEMORY, describe THE STRUCTURAL attributes OF every OF THE adhering to BLOOD CELL types AS ACCURATELY as POSSIBLE, and NOTE THE percentage OF every IN THE total WHITE BLOOD cell POPULATION(LYMPHOCYTES)


(25% OR MORE) cell nucleus SPHERICAL OR contempt INDENTED, account FOR most OF cells MASS. CYTOPLASM shows up AS A thin BLUE RIM approximately NUCLEUS.


FROM MEMORY, explain THE STRUCTURAL attributes OF each OF THE adhering to BLOOD CELL species AS ACCURATELY together POSSIBLE, and NOTE THE percent OF every IN THE total WHITE BLOOD cabinet POPULATION(BASOPHIL)


(LESS than 1%) large U OR S shame NUCLEUS with 2 OR more INDENTATIONS. CYTOPLASM has actually COURSE, sporadic GRANULES.


FROM MEMORY, define THE STRUCTURAL characteristics OF each OF THE complying with BLOOD CELL varieties AS ACCURATELY together POSSIBLE, and also NOTE THE percent OF each IN THE total WHITE BLOOD cell POPULATION(MONOCYTES)


THE HEMATOLOGIC IS necessary IN DIAGNOSING DISEASES due to the fact that BLOOD COMPOSITION reflects THE wellness STATUS OF plenty of BODY FUNCTIONS.


RECORD normal VALUES FOR healthy MALE ADULTS and INDICATE THE significance OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR each TEST.TEST 1: total WBC COUNT


RECORD typical VALUES FOR healthy and balanced MALE ADULTS and INDICATE THE meaning OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR every TEST.TEST 2: complete RBC COUNT


RECORD normal VALUES FOR healthy and balanced MALE ADULTS and also INDICATE THE meaning OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR each TEST.TEST 3: HEMATOCRIT


RECORD typical VALUES FOR healthy MALE ADULTS and also INDICATE THE meaning OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR each TEST.TEST 4: HEMOGLOBIN DETERMINATION


RECORD typical VALUES FOR healthy MALE ADULTS and INDICATE THE meaning OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR every TEST.TEST 5: BLEEDING TIME


NORMAL VALUES: 2 - 7 MIN (I.V. METHOD)/ 3 - 5 MIN (DUKE METHOD)HIGH VALUES: DIC - (CLOTTING DISORDER)LOW VALUES: VONWILLEBRAND condition - (CLOTTING DISORDER)


RECORD typical VALUES FOR healthy and balanced MALE ADULTS and also INDICATE THE definition OF HIGH OR LOW values FOR each TEST.TEST 6: COAGULATION TIME


WHY IS A DIFFERENTIAL WBC COUNT an ext VALUEABLE than A full WBC COUNT once TRYING to PIN down THE SPECIFIC resource OF PATHOLOGY?


A DIFFERENTIAL WBC counting IS an ext VALUEABLE BECAUSE any type of ABNORMAL count (INCREASE/DECREASE) OF any kind of OF THE WBC"S deserve to INDICATE A trouble OR THE source OF PATHOLOGY. EX. Boosted NEUTROPHIL could MEAN bacter INFECTION


BECAUSE that is THE kidney THAT relax ERYTHROPOITIN TO wake up BONE MARROW come MAKE much more RBCs. IF THE kidneys WERE not FUNCTIONING right RBCs will BE lessened CAUSING ANEMIA.TREATMENT: EPO & steel SUPPLEMENTS


DISCUSS THE result OF THE FOLLOWING factors ON RBC COUNT.LONG-TERM result OF strong TRAINING (FOR EXAMPLE, to run 4 come 5 MILES per DAY end A period OF 6 TO ripe MONTHS)


A ENDURANCE maintain ENLARGES your BLOOD VOLUME bring about A lower RBC every UNIT. THIS IS recognized AS sports ANEMIA.


DISCUSS THE impact OF THE FOLLOWING components ON RBC COUNT.A PERMANENT relocate FROM SEA LEVEL come A HIGH ALTITUDE AREA


ANY lengthy PERIOD the OXYGEN DEPRIVATION results IN increased RED BLOOD cell PRODUCTION. Because THERE IS much less OXYGEN THE higher YOU ARE over SEA LEVEL, her RBC COUNT would certainly INCREASE.


IF YOU had actually A HIGH HEMATOCRIT, would certainly YOU suppose YOUR HEMOGLOBIN determination TO be HIGH OR LOW? WHY?


THERE IS more THEN ONE, yet HEPARIN IS THE ONE most HEARD OF. Various other 2 space ANTI THROMBIN and PROSTACYCLIN.


TYPE O BLOOD; since THEY can USUALLY give BLOOD come THE various other ABO BLOOD varieties WITHOUT resulting in AN ABO TRANSFUSION REACTION.


*

ASSUME THE BLOOD OF two PATIENTS has BEEN TYPED because that ABO BLOOD TYPE. On THE communication OF this RESULTS, MR. ADAMS HAS type _1_ BLOOD, and MR. CALHOON HAS kind _2_ BLOOD.


EXPLAIN WHY an RH-NEGATIVE human being DOES NOT have actually A TRANSFUSION REACTION top top THE an initial EXPOSURE to RH-POSITIVE BLOOD however DOES have A REACTION ~ above THE second EXPOSURE.


RH ANTIGENS that DONOR SENSITIZES THE receiver ON THE very first TIME, THE second TIME it DOES no SENSITIZE and also A REACTION will OCCUR.

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THE RED BLOOD cell WOULD appear LARGER THEN common (E.G. Native VITAMIN B-12 DEFICIENCY) and PALER THAN common (NOT as RED APPEARING)


VERY lot SMALLER than THE mean RED BLOOD CELL and PINK IN shade DUE TO short HEMOGLOBIN IN THE BODY


SICKLE cabinet LOOK choose DEFORMED RED BLOOD CELLS once DIAGNOSED with SICKLE CELL, castle LOOK THEIR shape AND type INTO A C-SHAPED CELL


DESCRIBE THE RELATIONSHIP in between HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVELS and CARDIOVASCULAR condition SUCH together HYPERTENSION, heart ATTACKS, and also STROKES.


CHOLESTEROL IS A significant COMPONENT the SMOOTH MUSCLE PLAQUES FORMED during ATHEROSCLEROSIS. ATHEROCLEROSIS IS A disease PROCESS IN i beg your pardon THE BODY"S BLOOD VESSELS end up being INCREASINGLY OCCLUDED by PLAQUES. PLAQUES narrow ARTERIES, and CONTRIBUTE to HYPERTENSION. Lock ALSO aid IN THE formation OF BLOOD coagulation THAT break AWAY and BLOCK smaller VESSELS IN CULATORY PATHWAY and also CAUSES HEART attacks OR STROKES